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  1. Hypovitaminosis D can be observed in most fragility hip fracture patients. However, measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level is costly and may not be available in some centers. Without the baseline s...

    Authors: Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Suchat Phusunti, Pojchong Chotiyarnwong and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Balance control, and specifically balance reactive responses that contribute to maintaining balance when balance is lost unexpectedly, is impaired in older people. This leads to an increased fall risk and inju...

    Authors: Shani Batcir, Yaakov Livne, Rotem Lev Lehman, Shmil Edelman, Lavi Schiller, Omri Lubovsky, Guy Shani, Amir Shapiro and Itshak Melzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:71

    Content type: Technical advance

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  3. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in the over 60-year-old community and to evaluate whether osteosarcopenia is associated with disability, frailty and depression.

    Authors: Ki-Soo Park, Gyeong-Ye Lee, Young-Mi Seo, Sung-Hyo Seo and Jun-Il Yoo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Perioperative medicine services for older surgical patients are being developed across several countries. This qualitative study aims to explore geriatricians’ perspectives on challenges and opportunities for ...

    Authors: Janani Thillainadesan, Jesse Jansen, Jacqui Close, Sarah Hilmer and Vasi Naganathan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) face high caregiving burden, distress related to responsive behaviours, and psychiatric morbidity. The present paper examines how these are associated with healthcare ...

    Authors: Jue Hua Lau, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Esmond Seow, Li Ling Ng, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Some types of sedentary behaviors tend to cluster in individuals or groups of older adults. Insight into how these different types of sedentary behavior cluster is needed, as recent research suggests that not ...

    Authors: Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon and Delfien Van Dyck

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Low anterior resection (LAR) is often performed with diverting loop ileostomy (DLI) for anastomotic protection in patients with rectal cancer. We aim to analyze, if older patients are more prone to a decline i...

    Authors: Amal Rhemouga, Stefan Buettner, Wolf O. Bechstein, Guido Woeste and Teresa Schreckenbach

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The transition to residential care facilities can be stressful for older people, entailing numerous challenges. Many qualitative studies focused on the adjustment and the experiences associated with older adul...

    Authors: Changxian Sun, Yaping Ding, Yan Cui, Shuqin Zhu, Xianwen Li, Shen Chen, Rong Zhou and Yiting Yu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The actual SARS-CoV-2 outbreak caused a highly transmissible disease with a tremendous impact on elderly people. So far, few studies focused on very elderly patients (over 80 years old). In this study we exami...

    Authors: M. D’ascanio, M. Innammorato, L. Pasquariello, D. Pizzirusso, G. Guerrieri, S. Castelli, A. Pezzuto, C. De vitis, P. Anibaldi, A. Marcolongo, R. Mancini, A. Ricci and S. Sciacchitano

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The retina shares similar anatomical and physiological features with the brain and subtle variations in retinal microvascular parameters (RMPs) may reflect similar vascular variation in the brain. The aim of t...

    Authors: R. A. O’Neill, A. P. Maxwell, F. Kee, I. Young, R. E. Hogg, S. Cruise, B. McGuinness and G. J. McKay

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  11. While the field of rehabilitation has determined a common definition of professional practice, legislators and healthcare professionals in various Western countries have struggled to reach consensus about how ...

    Authors: Amy Clotworthy, Sasmita Kusumastuti and Rudi G. J. Westendorp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Aging increases fall risk and alters gait mechanics and control. Our previous work has identified sideways walking as a potential training regimen to decrease fall risk by improving frontal plane control in ol...

    Authors: Andreas Skiadopoulos and Nick Stergiou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Dementia in the oldest-old is projected to increase exponentially as is the burden of their caregivers who may experience unique challenges and suffering. Thus, we aim to investigate which factors are associat...

    Authors: Chia-Fen Tsai, Wei-Shen Hwang, Jun-Jun Lee, Wen-Fu Wang, Ling-Chun Huang, Li-Kai Huang, Wei-Ju Lee, Pi-Shan Sung, Yi-Chien Liu, Chih-Cheng Hsu and Jong-Ling Fuh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In many cases, life-sustaining treatment preferences are not timely discussed with older patients. Advance care planning (ACP) offers medical professionals an opportunity to discuss patients’ preferences. We a...

    Authors: Daisy J. M. Ermers, Marit P. H. van Beuningen-van Wijk, Evi Peters Rit, Sonja C. Stalpers-Konijnenburg, Diana G. Taekema, Frank H. Bosch, Yvonne Engels and Patricia J. W. B. van Mierlo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Osteopontin plays critical roles in osteoarthritis (OA) by regulating the functions of osteoclasts. It is known that osteopontin can induce the expression of lncRNA HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR), indic...

    Authors: Quanzhi Liang, Ailijiang Asila, Yingjie Deng, Jun Liao, Zhenfeng Liu and Rui Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Medication adherence is challenging for older adults due to factors such as the number of medications, dosing schedule, and the duration of drug therapy. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiv...

    Authors: Mubashir Aslam Arain, Armghan Ahmad, Venus Chiu and Lorena Kembel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Currently, both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia have attracted extensive attention in public health. However, the relationship between NAFLD and sarcopenia remains unclear. This study ...

    Authors: Yu-Ming Wang, Ke-Fu Zhu, Wen-Jing Zhou, Qin Zhang, Dan-Feng Deng, Yi-Chen Yang, Wen-Wen Lu, Jia Xu and Yun-Mei Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Older adults are recommended to sleep 7–8 h/day. Time in bed (TIB) differs from sleep duration and includes also the time of lying in bed without sleeping. Long TIB (≥9 h) are associated with self-reported sed...

    Authors: Li-Tang Tsai, Eleanor Boyle, Jan C. Brønd, Gry Kock, Mathias Skjødt, Lars G. Hvid and Paolo Caserotti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Stroke in the course of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been shown to be associated with more severe respiratory symptoms and higher mortality, but little knowledge in this regard exists on older population...

    Authors: Aline Mendes, François R. Herrmann, Laurence Genton, Christine Serratrice, Emmanuel Carrera, Maria Isabel Vargas, Gabriel Gold, Christophe E. Graf, Dina Zekry and Max Scheffler

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In bladder cancer patients with age ≥ 80 years old, there have been controversies in performing uretero-cutaneostomy or ileal conduit as urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. Limited study evaluated over...

    Authors: Shang Huang, Hanzhong Chen, Teng Li, Xiaoyong Pu, Jiumin Liu and Xuecheng Bi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To investigate how anatomical cross-sectional area and volume of quadriceps and triceps surae muscles were affected by ageing, and by resistance training in older and younger men, in vivo.

    Authors: Adrien J. Létocart, Franck Mabesoone, Fabrice Charleux, Christian Couppé, René B. Svensson, Frédéric Marin, S. Peter Magnusson and Jean-François Grosset

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome that leads to an increase in vulnerability. Previous studies have suggested that frailty is associated with poor health-related outcomes. For frailty screening, the Clini...

    Authors: Ryoung-Eun Ko, Seong Mi Moon, Danbee Kang, Juhee Cho, Chi Ryang Chung, Yunhwan Lee, Yun Soo Hong, So Hee Lee, Jung Hee Lee and Gee Young Suh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In recent decades, previous studies have noted the importance of frailty, which is a frequently used term in perioperative risk evaluations. Psychological and socioeconomical domains were investigated as part ...

    Authors: András Szabó, Krisztina Tóth, Ádám Nagy, Dominika Domokos, Nikoletta Czobor, Csaba Eke, Ágnes Sándor, Béla Merkely, Éva Susánszky, János Gál and Andrea Székely

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Currently 21% of the German population is older than 65 years. Above this age, the risk of suffering from chronic disease and mental disorders increases rapidly. Therefore, physical inactivity is one of the mo...

    Authors: Nina Grede, Anja Rieckert, Julia Muth, Joana Steinbuck, Sabine Weissbach, Annika Schneider, Beate Weber-Schicker, Ellen Freiberger, Nikita Jegan, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Andreas Sönnichsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:45

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Older adults with obesity residing in rural areas have reduced access to weight management programs. We determined the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary outcomes of an integrated technology-based heal...

    Authors: John A. Batsis, Curtis L. Petersen, Matthew M. Clark, Summer B. Cook, David Kotz, Tyler L. Gooding, Meredith N. Roderka, Rima I. Al-Nimr, Dawna Pidgeon, Ann Haedrich, K. C. Wright, Christina Aquila and Todd A. Mackenzie

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The economic and public health burden of fragility fractures of the hip in Germany is high. The likelihood of requiring long-term care and the risk of suffering from a secondary fracture increases substantiall...

    Authors: Isabel Geiger, Christian Kammerlander, Christine Höfer, Ruth Volland, Jörg Trinemeier, Martina Henschelchen, Thomas Friess, Wolfgang Böcker and Leonie Sundmacher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:43

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. In Pakistan, health system is facing unprecedented challenges to deal with the healthcare demand of the growing ageing population. Using conceptual framework, this study aims to analyze the factors associated ...

    Authors: Lubna Naz, Umesh Ghimire and Abida Zainab

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Health, participation, and security are the basic pillars of active ageing suggested by the WHO. The concept is used by professionals but requires exploration from the perspectives of older people themselves. ...

    Authors: Manothai Wongsala, Els-Marie Anbäcken and Sirpa Rosendahl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Sleep problems are highly prevalent in people with dementia. Nevertheless, there is no “gold standard” intervention to prevent or reduce sleep problems in people with dementia. Existing interventions are chara...

    Authors: Martin N. Dichter, Almuth Berg, Jonas Hylla, Daniela Eggers, Denise Wilfling, Ralph Möhler, Burkhard Haastert, Gabriele Meyer, Margareta Halek and Sascha Köpke

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. We aimed to propose a correction of the Lawton instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) score to take into account the possibility to have never done some activities, and measured its agreement and reliabi...

    Authors: Marine Dufournet, Claire Moutet, Sarah Achi, Floriane Delphin-Combe, Pierre Krolak-Salmon and Virginie Dauphinot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  31. It is well known that females generally live longer than males, but women tend to suffer from more illnesses and limitations than men do, also for dementia. However, limited empirical evidence is available why...

    Authors: Shohei Okamoto, Erika Kobayashi, Hiroshi Murayama, Jersey Liang, Taro Fukaya and Shoji Shinkai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:38

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Globally increasing number of elders is concerned. Hearing loss process in older adults cannot be avoided. An effective screening tool for hearing loss is essential for proper diagnosis and rehabilitation, whi...

    Authors: Nichtima Chayaopas, Pornthep Kasemsiri, Panida Thanawirattananit, Patorn Piromchai and Kwanchanok Yimtae

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR) is defined by slow gait speed combined with subjective cognitive complaint. MCR is a predementia syndrome, similar to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, there is cu...

    Authors: Fang-Yu Cheng, Yuanmay Chang, Shih-Jung Cheng, Jin-Siang Shaw, Chuo-Yu Lee and Pei-Hao Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Globally, oral health status of the geriatric population residing in nursing homes is poor. The integration of non-dental professionals is vital to monitor oral health, early identification and triaging of ora...

    Authors: Rojina Thapa, Ritesh Chimoriya and Amit Arora

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A diagnosis of dementia presents individuals with both social and psychological challenges but research on self-stigma in dementia has been largely confined to qualitative approaches due to a lack of robust ou...

    Authors: Jem Bhatt, Charlotte R. Stoner, Katrina Scior and Georgina Charlesworth

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Training balance through exercise is an effective strategy to reduce falls in community-dwelling older adults. Evidence-based fall prevention exercise recommendations have been proposed, specifying that exerci...

    Authors: Alexie J. Touchette, Alison R. Oates, Verena H. Menec and Kathryn M. Sibley

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Hearing and vision loss in older people has been proven to affect physical and mental health and increase the speed of cognitive decline. Studies have demonstrated that certain practices and improved staff kno...

    Authors: Wendy Andrusjak, Ana Barbosa and Gail Mountain

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:32

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Disability in aged people became one of the major challenges in China due to the acceleration of population aging. Nevertheless, there were limited methods to appropriately discriminate the degree of combined ...

    Authors: Yangchang Zhang, Yang Xiong, Qiuhua Yu, Shisi Shen, Li Chen and Xun Lei

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Treatment decisions concerning older patients can be very challenging and individualised treatment plans are often required in this very heterogeneous group. In 2015 we have implemented a routine clinical care...

    Authors: Yara van Holstein, Floor J. van Deudekom, Stella Trompet, Iris Postmus, Anna Uit den Boogaard, Marjan J. T. van der Elst, Nienke A. de Glas, Diana van Heemst, Geert Labots, Mariëtte Altena, Marije Slingerland, Gerrit Jan Liefers, Frederiek van den Bos, Jessica M. van der Bol, Gerard J. Blauw, Johanneke E. A. Portielje…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The Montessori Method underpinned by the principle of person-centered care has been widely adopted to design activities for people with dementia. However, the methodological quality of the existing evidence is...

    Authors: Helen Yue-lai Chan, Yee-man Yau, Si-fan. Li, Ka-shi Kwong, Yuen-yu Chong, Iris Fung-kam Lee and Doris Sau-fung Yu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:24

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To evaluate the short- and mid-term effect of a specially tailored resistance and balance training provided in addition to usual cardiac rehabilitation (CR) care program in older patients after valve surgery/i...

    Authors: Egle Tamulevičiūtė-Prascienė, Aurelija Beigienė, Mark James Thompson, Kristina Balnė, Raimondas Kubilius and Birna Bjarnason-Wehrens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Predicting incidence of long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification in the short term is of increasing importance in Japan. The present study examined whether the Kihon Checklist (KCL) can be used to predict...

    Authors: Kumiko Ito, Hisashi Kawai, Harukazu Tsuruta and Shuichi Obuchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Hypoglycaemia is associated with cognitive and functional decline in older people with diabetes. Identification of individuals at risk and prevention of hypoglycaemia is therefore an important task in the mana...

    Authors: Monica Hermann, Lovise S. Heimro, Anne Haugstvedt, Ingvild Hernar, Arun K. Sigurdardottir and Marit Graue

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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