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Table 1 Characteristics of long-term care residents in sample

From: Disability in long-term care residents explained by prevalent geriatric syndromes, not long-term care home characteristics: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics N % Mean Disability (SD)
 Full Cohort 77,165 100 16.1 (8.4)
 Age (years)  
  65–74 7,859 10.2 15.1 (8.0)
  75–84 25,703 33.3 15.9 (8.6)
  85–94 36,676 47.5 16.2 (8.3)
  95+ 6,927 9.0 17.6 (7.7)
 Sex  
  Female 54,953 71.2 16.4 (8.4)
  Male 22,212 28.8 15.4 (8.5)
 Marital Status  
  Married 18,632 17.0 17.0 (8.4)
  Widowed 46,067 16.1 16.1(8.4)
  Never married/Separated/Divorced 11,299 14.8 14.8 (8.6)
  Missing data 1,167 15.7 15.7 (8.4)
 Pre-LTCH Neighborhood Income Quintile
  1 (low) 17,671 22.9 15.4 (8.5)
  2 13,510 17.5 16.0 (8.4)
  3 13,473 17.5 15.9 (8.5)
  4 11,790 15.3 16.4 (8.3)
  5 (high) 10,909 14.1 16.4 (8.4)
  Missing data 9,812 12.7 17.0 (8.4)
 Days in LTCH Prior to Index Date
  0–4 months 19,202 24.9 15.3 (8.1)
   > 4 months - 12 months 14,045 18.2 15.0 (8.2)
   > 1 year - 2 years 13,854 17.9 15.3 (8.4)
   > 2 years - 3 years 8,515 11.0 16.1 (8.5)
   > 3 years 21,549 27.9 18.0 (8.6)
Prevalent Geriatric Syndromes
  Balance impairment 59,502 77.1 18.5 (7.4)
  Bowel incontinence 37,966 49.2 21.4 (5.7)
 Cognitive status
  Intact or borderline intact 18,426 23.9 10.9 (8.0)
  Mild/moderate impairment 37,204 48.2 14.8 (7.5)
  Moderate-severe/severe impairment 21,535 27.9 22.7 (5.8)
 Hearing impairment
  None 66,718 86.5 15.9 (8.5)
  Hearing impaired 10,269 13.3 17.6 (8.0)
  Missing data 178 0.2 15.3 (8.3)
 Body mass index (BMI)
  BMI < 18.5 6683 8.7 18.7 (7.8)
  18.5 ≤ BMI ≤ 25 32,614 42.3 16.7 (8.4)
  25 < BMI <30 22,134 28.7 15.2 (8.6)
  BMI ≥ 30 15,734 20.4 15.0 (8.3)
 Pain
  None 46,595 60.4 16.3 (8.5)
  Less than daily pain 17,895 23.2 15.6 (8.2)
  Daily or severe daily pain 12,675 16.4 16.2 (8.4)
  Pressure ulcer 4,834 6.3 22.2 (6.0)
  Urinary incontinence 54,922 71.2 19.1 (6.8)
 Visual impairment
  None 43,701 56.6 14.4 (8.4)
  Moderate impairment 27,264 35.3 17.5 (7.9)
  Severe impairment 6,022 7.8 22.0 (7.2)
  Missing 178 0.2 15.3 (8.3)
Prevalent Chronic Conditions
 Arthritis 48,114 62.4 15.8 (8.3)
 Asthma 5,740 7.4 15.4 (8.3)
 Cancer 25,016 32.4 15.3 (8.4)
 Kidney disease 17,124 22.2 16.1 (8.2)
 Coronary artery disease 29,999 38.9 15.6 (8.4)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 16,823 21.8 15.0 (8.3)
 Dementia 65,291 84.6 16.6 (8.3)
 Diabetes 24,456 31.7 16.0 (8.3)
 Epilepsy 5,262 6.8 18.1 (8.3)
 Heart failure 19,430 25.2 15.9 (8.1)
 Limb paralysis or amputation 7,031 9.1 20.2 (6.5)
 Mood disorders 32,389 42.0 16.4 (8.3)
 Parkinson’s disease 7,082 9.2 18.7 (7.6)
 Peripheral vascular disease 7,132 9.2 16.0 (8.1)
 Psychiatric conditions other than depression and dementia 21,288 27.6 15.1 (8.5)
 Stroke 17,005 22.0 17.4 (7.9)
  1. All p-values from ANOVAs to test differences in ADL LFS across different levels of each category
  2. p-value <0.01
  3. p-value <0.0001