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Table 3 Unadjusted relationships between three measures of restricted activity at 6 weeks and pain and functional outcomes at 6 months. Values are reported as unadjusted mean (SE)

From: Restricted activity and persistent pain following motor vehicle collision among older adults: a multicenter prospective cohort study

  Pain and functional outcomes (6 months)
Measures of restricted activity (6 weeks) Pain severitya Pain interference with general activityb Pain interference with walkingb ADL difficultyc Functional declined
Decrease in PASE scoree
 Yes 2.85 (0.37) 3.03 (0.36) 2.76 (0.41) 0.72 (0.22) 2.10 (0.45)
 No 1.93 (0.35) 2.12 (0.34) 2.57 (0.38) 0.01 (0.20) 0.44 (0.42)
  p = 0.07 p = 0.07 p = 0.74 p = 0.02 p = 0.01
Self-reported bed rest
 Yes 4.36 (0.49) 4.79 (0.47) 4.79 (0.54) 0.42 (0.31) 2.32 (0.64)
 No 1.75 (0.27) 1.86 (0.26) 2.01 (0.30) 0.30 (0.17) 0.88 (0.36)
  p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p = 0.73 p = 0.05
Self-reported cut down
 Yes 3.31 (0.33) 3.31 (0.34) 3.38 (0.38) 0.49 (0.21) 2.06 (0.43)
 No 1.31 (0.35) 1.70 (0.35) 1.87 (0.39) 0.15 (0.22) 0.33 (0.44)
  p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p = 0.01 p = 0.27 p = 0.01
  1. a Mean severity of MVC-related pain (0–10 scale) 6 months after MVC, N = 147
  2. b Mean score (0–10 scale) 6 months after MVC, N = 147
  3. c Mean change in score (0–18 scale) from baseline to 6 months after MVC, with higher value indicating greater difficulty with ADLs, N = 146
  4. d Mean change in score (0–12 scale) from baseline to 6 months after MVC, N = 138
  5. e Defined as a ≥ 25 point decrease in Physical Activity Score for the Elderly (PASE) during the 6 weeks following ED visit