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Table 2 Psychosocial and frailty measures by hip fracture group

From: Depression following hip fracture is associated with increased physical frailty in older adults: the role of the cortisol: dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate ratio

  Depressed Not Depressed  
  Mean (Standard Deviation) / Number (%) p
Week 6: Number = 101      
Number in group 38 (38) 63 (62)  
Geriatric Depression Scale 8.2 (2.47) 2.6 (1.53) <.001
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression 9.1 (4.71) 3.4 (2.31) <.001
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Anxiety 8.0 (4.55) 4.0 (3.71) <.001
Oxford Hip Score 22.1 (9.33) 30.0 (8.04) <.001
Mini Mental State Examination Score 24.4 (4.08) 24.7 (4.60) .78
Hand Grip Mean (kg) 14.3 (6.20) 15.9 (6.69) .25
Timed-Up-and-Go (seconds) 69.6 (47.03) 52.4 (30.31) .04
Berg Balance Scale Score 17.6 (14.80) 27.4 (14.16) .005
Month 6: Number = 66      
Depressed 19 (29) 47 (71)  
Geriatric Depression Scale 7.0 (3.75) 3.1 (1.99) <.001
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression 7.6 (4.21) 4.0 (2.57) <.001
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Anxiety 7.0 (5.07) 3.5 (3.01) .001
Oxford Hip Score 29.6 (8.97) 35.3 (8.14) .02
Mini Mental State Examination 25.3 (3.89) 25.9 (3.59) .51
Hand Grip Mean (kg) 14.2 (6.7) 16.3 (6.56) .25
Timed-Up-and-Go (seconds) 50.8 (36.23) 34.4 (25.81) .05
Berg Balance Scale Score 32.7 (13.4) 36.1 (12.71) .37