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Table 1 Call for action: suggested approaches at individual, organisational and societal level

From: Improving recognition of delirium in clinical practice: a call for action

Individual level action Educational innovations (such as E-learning) for all healthcare professionals focused on promoting knowledge about delirium management and learning from patient experience to address attitudes towards patients with delirium Interprofessional education (team learning) focused on prevention, early recognition and treatment of delirium
Organisational level action Prioritisation of delirium on healthcare agendas of hospitals (including the Emergency Department, ICUs, and on transitions of care), nursing homes and home care organisations and linking to other agendas (e.g. dignity; patient safety) Examination and redesign of systems in place to help facilitate delivery of effective delirium care (e.g. altering ward documentation to make use of systematic screening with standardised instruments such as Confusion Assessment Method (CAM [22] and CAM-ICU [23]) or Delirium Observation Screening Scale (DOSS [24]) more prominent)
Societal level action Improve public knowledge of delirium through public awareness campaigns Develop delirium patient support groups