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Volume 10 Supplement 1

de Senectute: Age and Health Forum

  • Lecture presentation
  • Open Access

Osteoporosis: epidemiology, clinical and biological aspects

  • 1 and
  • 2
BMC Geriatrics201010 (Suppl 1) :L71

  • Published:


  • Osteoporosis
  • Lumbar Spine
  • Vertebral Fracture
  • Risk Fracture
  • Alcohol Abuse

Osteoporosis is the most prevalent disease of bone metabolism, characterized by fragility and risk of fracture. The frequency of fractures increases with age and the cost of this disease increases more and more. Every thirty seconds someone in European Union suffers a hip fracture as a result of osteoporosis. The fractures of wrist, hip and vertebra are the most prevalent. Now the bone quality is more important than the BMD. The evaluation of patient begins with the analysis of risk fracture: age, familiarity of fragility fracture, calcium and vitamin D intake, BMI less than nineteen, early menopause, smoking, alcohol abuse, risk of falls. The people with at least one of these risk factors have to do the analysis of BMD, by DEXA at the femur or ultrasound at the fingers or the heel. The relationship between the BMD and the clinical situation of patient is important in order to understand who has to do the blood tests and the xray of dorsal and lumbar spine in LL. The blood exams need to differentiate the types of osteoporosis, to value the bone markers and vitamin D. I remember that the vitamin D level is important for the calcium, the bone and the muscle metabolism and for the good action of the drugs of osteoporosis. The X-ray of dorsal and lumbar spine needs to show the presence of vertebral fractures. We have to calculate the level of fracture and the SDI (Spine deformity index) by Genant’s SQ scale. At the end I show the therapy of osteoporosis and its criterion.

Authors’ Affiliations

U.O. Fkt Distretto Sanitario Rogliano, ASP Cosenza, Italy
Centro di riabilitazione “Biolife”, Cosenza, Italy


© Reda and Bartoletti; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.