Skip to main content

Public health, nutrition and epidemiology

This section considers all topics relating to general public health and epidemiology. Nutrition, nutritional supplements, disease rates/statistics, disease prevention, prediction. Health promotion.

Page 1 of 8

  1. There is a need for more observational studies across different clinical settings to better understand the epidemiology of the novel COVID-19 infection. Evidence on clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infecti...

    Authors: Rajkumar Chinnadurai, Onesi Ogedengbe, Priya Agarwal, Sally Money-Coomes, Ahmad Z. Abdurrahman, Sajeel Mohammed, Philip A. Kalra, Nicola Rothwell and Sweta Pradhan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:409

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Patients with peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are more likely to receive long-term therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This study aimed to investigate the risk of ...

    Authors: Joo-Hyun Park, Jessie Lee, Su-Yeon Yu, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyungdo Han, Do-Hoon Kim and Jinnie Rhee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Social assistance in the form of cash transfer or in-kind has been recognised as a social protection strategy in many developing countries to tackle poverty and provide protection for individuals and household...

    Authors: Doris Ottie-Boakye

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Frailty is increasingly recognized as an important construct which has health implications for older adults. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a judgement-based frailty tool that evaluates specific domains i...

    Authors: Sophie Church, Emily Rogers, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Several tools have been proposed and validated to operationally define frailty. Recently, the Italian Frailty index (IFi), an Italian modified version of Frailty index, has been validated but its use in clinic...

    Authors: Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, Veronica Flocco, Gianlugi Galizia, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce and Pasquale Abete

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Older subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often affected by multiple geriatric impairments that may benefit from a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). However, ordinary execution of CGA in all...

    Authors: Simone Vettoretti, Lara Caldiroli, Giulia Porata, Carlotta Vezza, Matteo Cesari and Piergiorgio Messa

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:371

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Prescribing cascades occur when the side effect of a medication is treated with a second medication. The aim of the study was to understand how prescribing cascades develop and persist and to identify strategi...

    Authors: Barbara J. Farrell, Lianne Jeffs, Hannah Irving and Lisa M. McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:368

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Glucose-lowering therapy (GLT) should be individualized in older patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) according to their health status and their life expectancy. This study aimed at assessing the inappropriaten...

    Authors: Antoine Christiaens, Benoit Boland, Marie Germanidis, Olivia Dalleur and Séverine Henrard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:367

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Measuring self-care ability in elderly people needs specific instruments. The Self-care Ability Scale for Elderly (SASE) is one of the common instruments used for assessing self-care ability. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Mehrdad Amir-Behghadami, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mohammad Saadati and Masoumeh Gholizadeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:364

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. The type 2 diabetes (T2D) specific dementia-risk score (DSDRS) was developed to evaluate dementia risk in older adults with T2D. T2D-related factors have been shown increase the risk of age-related conditions,...

    Authors: Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, Carlos Alberto Aguilar-Salinas and José Alberto Avila-Funes

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:363

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. While sleep duration has been shown to be associated with health outcomes, few studies have been conducted among the oldest old. In addition, the impact of sleep duration on quality of dying is unknown. We aim...

    Authors: Chengbei Hou, Yinan Lin, Zachary Zimmer, Lap Ah. Tse and Xianghua Fang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:357

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Some older persons develop a persistent death wish without being severely ill, often referred to as “completed life” or “tiredness of life”. In the Netherlands and Belgium, the question whether these persons s...

    Authors: Iris D. Hartog, Margot L. Zomers, Ghislaine J. M. W. van Thiel, Carlo Leget, Alfred P. E. Sachs, Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal, Vera van den Berg and Els van Wijngaarden

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:342

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Given the high prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst the elderly Chinese population and the significance of intergenerational contact in this demographic group, the purpose of this study was to examine the...

    Authors: Yaofei Xie, Mengdi Ma, Wenwen Wu, Yupeng Zhang, Yuting Zhang and Xiaodong Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:349

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Clinical guidelines for specific conditions fragment care provision for elders. The International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) has developed a global standard set of outcome measures for ...

    Authors: Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Chi-Hung Lin, Shinn-Zong Lin, Ching-Hui Loh, Sheng-Lun Kao, Tzu-Shing Hung, Chia-Yun Chang, Chun-Feng Huang, Ting-Ching Tang and Liang-Kung Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Dementia was identified as a priority area for the development of a Clinical Quality Registry (CQR) in Australia in 2016. The Australian Dementia Network (ADNeT) Registry is being established as part of the AD...

    Authors: Xiaoping Lin, Kasey Wallis, Stephanie A. Ward, Henry Brodaty, Perminder S. Sachdev, Sharon L. Naismith, Karolina Krysinska, John McNeil, Christopher C. Rowe and Susannah Ahern

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:330

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  16. Although previous large population studies showed elderly with poor self-rated health (SRH) to be at a high risk of functional disability in Western countries, there have been few studies in which the associat...

    Authors: Shuko Takahashi, Kozo Tanno, Yuki Yonekura, Masaki Ohsawa, Toru Kuribayashi, Yasuhiro Ishibashi, Shinichi Omama, Fumitaka Tanaka, Ryohei Sasaki, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Eri Takusari, Makoto Koshiyama, Toshiyuki Onoda, Kiyomi Sakata, Kazuyoshi Itai and Akira Okayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:328

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Late-life depression is common among older adults living in nursing homes (NHs). Over the last 30 years there has been an increase in the rates of prescription of antidepressant medications across all ages, wi...

    Authors: Silvia Giovannini, Graziano Onder, Henriëtte G. van der Roest, Eva Topinkova, Jacob Gindin, Maria Camilla Cipriani, Michael D. Denkinger, Roberto Bernabei and Rosa Liperoti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide and the incidence rate of PCa has been increasing in recent years. The aim of the current study was to determine beliefs elderly men ...

    Authors: Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Farzad Jalilian, Laleh Solaimanizadeh, Abdollah Saadatfar, Shima Khashij, Razieh Pirouzeh and Farzaneh Solaimanizadeh

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Older patients with cancer require specific and individualized management. The 3-group Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) based on the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) has shown a predictive inter...

    Authors: Evelyne Liuu, Chunyun Hu, Simon Valero, Thomas Brunet, Amelie Jamet, Marie-Laure Bureau, Alberto Pilotto, Pierre-Jean Saulnier and Marc Paccalin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:295

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Health, as defined by the WHO, is a multidimensional concept that includes different aspects. Interest in the health conditions of the oldest-old has increased as a consequence of the phenomenon of population ...

    Authors: Cosmo Strozza, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Viviana Egidi, Claudia Loreti, Federica Vannetti, Claudio Macchi and Luca Padua

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. In developing countries, older adults (65 years of age and above) share an increased vulnerability to catastrophic health expenditures and financial stress which can have significant bearing on their health an...

    Authors: Rui Huang, Bishwajit Ghose and Shangfeng Tang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Although malnutrition risk is well documented in elderly care institutions, few studies have been conducted to address concerns regarding community-dwelling elderly people. This study has been aimed to describ...

    Authors: Afsaneh Bakhtiari, Mahbobeh pourali and Shabnam Omidvar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:278

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Age-related hearing loss reduces the quality of life in older adults. Low socioeconomic status (SES) has been reported as a risk factor for hearing loss, although this has not been verified in Japan. This stud...

    Authors: Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse, Hideki Kido and Michio Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The dose response relationship of nine-year cumulative anticholinergic exposure and dementia onset was investigated using the Korean version anticholinergic burden scale (KABS) in comparison with the Anticholi...

    Authors: Yewon Suh, Young-Mi Ah, Euna Han, Kwanghee Jun, Sunghee Hwang, Kyung Hee Choi and Ju-Yeun Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Conflicting evidence exists regarding the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with mortality among older people and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. We investigated the a...

    Authors: Saman Khalatbari-Soltani, Fiona M. Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, David J. Handelsman, David G. Le Couteur, Markus J. Seibel, Louise M. Waite, Erin Cvejic and Robert G. Cumming

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Sarcopenia is associated with increased mortality among older adults. Sleep-related problems have been studied as factors related to sarcopenia. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between s...

    Authors: Yuki Nagaura, Hideaki Kondo, Mako Nagayoshi and Takahiro Maeda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Epidemiological evidence suggests that healthy diet is associated with a slowdown of cognitive decline leading to dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are still partially unexplored. Diet is the main determ...

    Authors: Federica Prinelli, Nithiya Jesuthasan, Marco Severgnini, Massimo Musicco, Fulvio Adorni, Maria Lea Correa Leite, Chiara Crespi and Sara Bernini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:253

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is calculated using laboratory values, including serum albumin, total cholesterol concentration, and total lymphocyte count; it is reportedly valuable for making nu...

    Authors: Toshio Yagi, Yusuke Oshita, Ichiro Okano, Takuma Kuroda, Koji Ishikawa, Takashi Nagai and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. No papers have examined the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and cognitive performance in oldest old subjects (i.e, > = 80 years old) asking for driving license renewal. We hypothesize th...

    Authors: Giuseppina Bernardelli, Palmina Caruso, Guido Travaini, Isabella Merzagora, Francesca Gualdi, Raffaela D. G. Sartori, Daniela Mari, Matteo Cesari and Valeria Edefonti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Falls are a major problem for older people and recurrent fallers are especially prone to severe consequences due to falls. This study investigated the association between chronic conditions and falls.

    Authors: Milla Immonen, Marianne Haapea, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Niina Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Timo Jämsä and Raija Korpelainen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The ageing skin is more susceptible to pruritic dermatoses, which are associated with adverse psychosocial effects and reduced quality of life among older adults. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify t...

    Authors: Shin Shen Yong, Zhenli Kwan, Chin Chwen Ch’ng, Adrian Sze Wai Yong, Leng Leng Tan, Winn Hui Han, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Ai-Vyrn Chin and Maw Pin Tan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. This case report, unlike the current literature related to vitamin D intoxication, aims to highlight the risk of self-medication, and how publicity boosts the acquisition of vitamins for different purposes, in...

    Authors: Ana Laura Teodoro de Paula, Wemerson Philipe Ferreira Gonzaga, Lucas Martins Oliveira, Taciana Carla Maia Feibelmann and Juliana Markus

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:221

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Knowledge of unplanned readmission rates and prognostic factors for readmission among older people after early discharge from emergency departments is sparse. The aims of this study were to examine the unplann...

    Authors: M. Klinge, M. Aasbrenn, B. Öztürk, C. F. Christiansen, C. Suetta, E. Pressel and F. E. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The combined effect of sarcopenia and obesity, i.e., sarcopenic obesity, has been associated with disability and worse outcomes in older adults, but results are conflicting. The objectives of this study were t...

    Authors: Å. von Berens, S. R. Obling, M. Nydahl, A. Koochek, L. Lissner, I. Skoog, K. Frändin, E. Skoglund, E. Rothenberg and T. Cederholm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Frailty is characterised by age-related declines in physical, psychological and social functioning. Features of frailty overlap with risk factors for fragility fractures. The aim of this study was to investiga...

    Authors: Monica C. Tembo, Kara L. Holloway-Kew, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Sophia X. Sui, Sarah M. Hosking, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Lana J. Williams, Mark A. Kotowicz and Julie A. Pasco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Many health and social needs can be assessed and met in community settings, where lower-cost, person-centered, preventative and proactive services predominate. This study reports on the development and impleme...

    Authors: Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Padideh Asgari, Tracy L. Finlayson, Joseph Gavin, Melinda Forstey, Gregory J. Norman, Ian Pierce, Carlos Ochoa, Paul Downey, Karen Becerra and Zia Agha

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The health-promoting qualities of participation as an opportunity for social and cognitive engagement are well known. Use of Everyday Technology such as Smartphones or ATMs, as enabling or disabling factors fo...

    Authors: Sophie Nadia Gaber, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp, Georgina Charlesworth, Sarah Wallcook and Camilla Malinowsky

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Current evidence suggests that negative and stigmatising attitudes towards dementia may develop at a young age. There are a number of dementia education and awareness initiatives aimed at reducing stigma, thou...

    Authors: Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Ellen Jones, Sahdia Parveen, Alys W. Griffiths, Kathleen Galvin and Sube Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. While physical activity interventions have been reported to reduce hospital stays, it is not clear if, in the general population, usual physical activity patterns may be associated with subsequent hospital use...

    Authors: Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Nicholas Wareham, Paul Pharoah and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Less educational training is consistently associated with incident dementia among older adults, but associations between income and financial strain with incident dementia have not been well tested in national...

    Authors: Laura J. Samuel, Sarah L. Szanton, Jennifer L. Wolff, Katherine A. Ornstein, Lauren J. Parker and Laura N. Gitlin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Aging is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular disease. The relation of obesity and risk of cardiovascular events appears to be more closely linked to certain clinical or metabolic phenotypes than to ...

    Authors: Francisco M. Gutierrez-Mariscal, Antonio García-Ríos, Purificación Gómez-Luna, Carolina Fernández-Gandara, Magdalena P. Cardelo, Silvia de la Cruz-Ares, Fernando Rodriguez-Cantalejo, Raul M. Luque, Ana León-Acuña, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Perez-Martinez, Elena M. Yubero-Serrano and Jose Lopez-Miranda

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Outbreaks of norovirus infection can have detrimental impacts on long-term care facilities. This study investigated the incidence, clinical picture, treatment and resource use of norovirus gastroenteritis in l...

    Authors: Saori Fujiki, Tatsuro Ishizaki and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Fear of falling (FoF) in the elderly is one of the major public health concerns in this era of aging of the population. As there is limited evidence on how cognitive function may differ by social support level...

    Authors: Thi Hue Man Vo, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Hoang Thuy Linh Nguyen and Thang Van Vo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Frailty is an emerging public health concern among aging populations. Although socioeconomic status is a well-known contributor to frailty, there is limited research investigating the effects of poverty on fra...

    Authors: Hin Moi Youn, Hyeon Ji Lee, Doo Woong Lee and Eun-Cheol Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Adequate access to healthcare is associated with lower risks of mortality at older ages. However, it is largely unknown how many more years of life can be attributed to having adequate access to healthcare com...

    Authors: Lisha Hao, Xin Xu, Matthew E. Dupre, Aimei Guo, Xufan Zhang, Li Qiu, Yuan Zhao and Danan Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The early identification of individuals at high risk for adverse outcomes by a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in resource-limited primary care settings enables tailored treatments, however, the evide...

    Authors: Marcos Daniel Saraiva, Amanda Lagreca Venys, Fábio Luiz Pantaleão Abdalla, Mariana Seabra Fernandes, Priscila Henriques Pisoli, Danilsa Margareth da Rocha Vilhena Sousa, Barbara Lobo Bianconi, Expedita Ângela Henrique, Vanessa Silva Suller Garcia, Lucas Henrique de Mendonça Maia, Gisele Sayuri Suzuki, Priscila Gonçalves Serrano, Marcel Hiratsuka, Claudia Szlejf, Wilson Jacob-Filho and Sérgio Márcio Pacheco Paschoal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Despite a non-specific nature of self-rated health (SRH), it seems to be a strong predictor of mortality. The aim of this study is to assess the association of SRH and objective health status (OH) with all-cau...

    Authors: Maarit Wuorela, Sirkku Lavonius, Marika Salminen, Tero Vahlberg, Matti Viitanen and Laura Viikari

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Very few people live to eighty-five years and older (the ‘oldest old’), and even fewer live to this age without developing chronic diseases. It is important to understand the relationship, if any, of modifiabl...

    Authors: Qianqian Gu, Carly M. Sable, Angela Brooks-Wilson and Rachel A. Murphy

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2020 20:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: