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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 9 of 10

  1. Chair based exercise (CBE) is suggested to engage older people with compromised health and mobility in an accessible form of exercise. A systematic review looking at the benefits of CBE for older people identi...

    Authors: Katie R Robinson, Paul Leighton, Philippa Logan, Adam L Gordon, Kevin Anthony, Rowan H Harwood, John RF Gladman and Tahir Masud

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:65

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Physical activity is of vital importance to older peoples’ health. Physical activity intervention studies with older people often have low recruitment, yet little is known about non-participants.

    Authors: Annabelle Rogers, Tess Harris, Christina Victor, Alison Woodcock, Elizabeth Limb, Sally Kerry, Steve Iliffe, Peter Whincup, Ulf Ekelund, Carole Beighton, Michael Ussher, Fredrika Adams and Derek G Cook

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:46

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Few have studied how personal activities of daily living (P-ADL) develop over time in nursing home residents with dementia. Thus, the aim was to study variables associated with the development of P-ADL functio...

    Authors: Anne-Sofie Helvik, Knut Engedal, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth and Geir Selbæk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:45

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Falls are the most common cause of injuries and hospital admissions in the elderly. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare has created a list of drugs considered to increase the fall risk (FRIDs) and...

    Authors: Veronica Milos, Åsa Bondesson, Martina Magnusson, Ulf Jakobsson, Tommy Westerlund and Patrik Midlöv

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:40

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Impaired balance, loss of mobility and falls are major problems associated with changes in muscle in older adults. However, the extent to which muscle composition and related performance measures for different...

    Authors: Mario Inacio, Alice S Ryan, Woei-Nan Bair, Michelle Prettyman, Brock A Beamer and Mark W Rogers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:37

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The frailty index (FI) is used to measure the health status of ageing individuals. An FI is constructed as the proportion of deficits present in an individual out of the total number of age-related health vari...

    Authors: Fernando G Peña, Olga Theou, Lindsay Wallace, Thomas D Brothers, Thomas M Gill, Evelyne A Gahbauer, Susan Kirkland, Arnold Mitnitski and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Falls and chronic disease are both important health issues in older adults. The objectives of this study were to quantify the prevalence of falls and multi-morbidity (≥2 chronic conditions) in Canadian older a...

    Authors: Kathryn M Sibley, Jennifer Voth, Sarah E Munce, Sharon E Straus and Susan B Jaglal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:22

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Limited attention has been paid in the literature to multiple component fall prevention interventions that comprise two or more fixed combinations of fall prevention interventions that are not individually tai...

    Authors: Victoria A Goodwin, Rebecca A Abbott, Rebecca Whear, Alison Bethel, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Jo Thompson-Coon and Ken Stein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:15

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Timed Up and Go test (TUG) is a commonly used screening tool to assist clinicians to identify patients at risk of falling. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the overal...

    Authors: Emma Barry, Rose Galvin, Claire Keogh, Frances Horgan and Tom Fahey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:14

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of muscle mass and bone mineral density on markers of mobility in dwelling elderly women.

    Authors: Gláucia R Falsarella, Ibsen B Coimbra, Caroline C Barcelos, Isabele Iartelli, Kedma T Montedori, Manuela NJ Santos, Anita L Neri and Arlete MV Coimbra

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:13

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The choice of measure for use as a primary outcome in geriatric research is contingent upon the construct of interest and evidence for its psychometric properties. The Late-Life Function and Disability Instrum...

    Authors: Marla K Beauchamp, Catherine T Schmidt, Mette M Pedersen, Jonathan F Bean and Alan M Jette

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:12

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Impairment in activities of daily living (ADL) is an important predictor of outcomes although many administrative databases lack information on ADL function. We evaluated the impact of ADL function on predicti...

    Authors: Dallas P Seitz, Geoffrey M Anderson, Peter C Austin, Andrea Gruneir, Sudeep S Gill, Chaim M Bell and Paula A Rochon

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:9

    Content type: Research article

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  13. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated factors related to frailty, by Fried criteria, in the elderly population in a rural area in the Andes Mountains, and to analyze the relationship of th...

    Authors: Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Guadalupe-Maria Henao and Fernando Gomez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:2

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The prevalence and significance of frailty are seldom studied in hospitalized patients. Aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of frailty and to determine the extent that frailty predicts delirium, fa...

    Authors: Etienne Joosten, Mathias Demuynck, Elke Detroyer and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:1

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes for older persons post-hip fracture repair, including those with cognitive impairment (CI), following implementation of a novel model of care – the Patient-Ce...

    Authors: Katherine S McGilton, Aileen M Davis, Gary Naglie, Nizar Mahomed, John Flannery, Susan Jaglal, Cheryl Cott and Steven Stewart

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:136

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Despite extensive research on risk factors associated with falling in older adults, and current fall prevention interventions focusing on modifiable risk factors, there is a lack of detailed accounts of sex di...

    Authors: Rachel L Duckham, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Marian T Hannan, Suzanne G Leveille, Lewis A Lipsitz and Wenjun Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:133

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The global population is becoming older and more overweight. The inter-relationship between frailty and falls is often seen in the older adult and is associated with poor health outcomes. Little is known about...

    Authors: Katie J Sheehan, Matthew DL O’Connell, Clodagh Cunningham, Lisa Crosby and Rose Anne Kenny

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:132

    Content type: Research article

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  18. We studied the influence of the ACE I/D and ACTN3 R577X polymorphisms (single or combined) on lower-extremity function in older women in response to high-speed power training.

    Authors: Ana Pereira, Aldo M Costa, José C Leitão, António M Monteiro, Mikel Izquierdo, António J Silva, Estela Bastos and Mário C Marques

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:131

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Hip fractures are a common and serious consequence of osteoporosis, and hip fracture patients are at high risk for recurrence. Appropriate pharmacotherapy reduces this risk and is associated with reduced morta...

    Authors: Naomi Dore, Courtney Kennedy, Pauline Fisher, Lisa Dolovich, Leonardo Farrauto and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:130

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In clinical settings, it is important for health care providers to measure different aspects of functioning in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity. Besides the use of distinct measures, it could also ...

    Authors: Lotte AH Hermsen, Stephanie S Leone, Martin Smalbrugge, Dirk L Knol, Henriëtte E van der Horst and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:119

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Tai Chi (TC) has proven to be effective at improving musculoskeletal fitness by increasing upper and lower body strength, low back flexibility and overall physical health. The objectives of this study were to ...

    Authors: James Manson, Michael Rotondi, Veronica Jamnik, Chris Ardern and Hala Tamim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:114

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A current topic in the field of geriatrics still needing a great deal of study is the changes in body posture occurring with age. Symptoms of these changes can be observed starting between the ages of 40–50 ye...

    Authors: Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Sławomir Snela, Justyna Rykała, Justyna Podgórska and Agnieszka Banaś

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:108

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Old adults admitted to the hospital are at severe risk of functional loss during hospitalization. Early in-hospital physical rehabilitation programs appear to prevent functional loss in geriatric patients. The...

    Authors: Nienke M Kosse, Alisa L Dutmer, Lena Dasenbrock, Jürgen M Bauer and Claudine JC Lamoth

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:107

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fall events were examined in two distinct geriatric populations to identify factors associated with repeat fallers, and to examine whether patients who use gait aids, specifically a walker, were more likely to...

    Authors: Humeira Tariq, Marita Kloseck, Richard G Crilly, Iris Gutmanis and Maggie Gibson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:106

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With increasing age neuromuscular deficits (e.g., sarcopenia) may result in impaired physical performance and an increased risk for falls. Prominent intrinsic fall-risk factors are age-related decreases in bal...

    Authors: Yves J Gschwind, Reto W Kressig, Andre Lacroix, Thomas Muehlbauer, Barbara Pfenninger and Urs Granacher

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:105

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The European Working Group for Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) published a case-finding algorithm for sarcopenia, recommending muscle mass measurement in older adults with low grip strength (women <20 kg; ...

    Authors: Victoria L Keevil, Shabina Hayat, Nichola Dalzell, Stephanie Moore, Amit Bhaniani, Robert Luben, Nicholas J Wareham and Kay-Tee Khaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:93

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In elderly patients chronic kidney disease often limits drug prescription. As several equations for quick assessment of kidney function by estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and several different cli...

    Authors: Marlies Karsch-Völk, Elisa Schmid, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Klaus Linde, Uwe Heemann and Antonius Schneider

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:92

    Content type: Research article

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  28. People with dementia have a disproportionately high rate of falls and fractures and poorer outcomes, yet there is currently no evidence to guide falls prevention in this population.

    Authors: Jacqueline Wesson, Lindy Clemson, Henry Brodaty, Stephen Lord, Morag Taylor, Laura Gitlin and Jacqueline Close

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:89

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Homocysteine has been postulated as a novel, potentially reversible risk factor for osteoporosis and related fractures. We evaluated whether homocysteine-lowering therapy with B-vitamins in patients with sympt...

    Authors: John Gommans, Qilong Yi, John W Eikelboom, Graeme J Hankey, Christopher Chen and Helen Rodgers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:88

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Due to the rapidly increasing number of older people worldwide, the prevalence of frailty among older adults is expected to escalate in coming decades. It is crucial to recognize early onset symptoms to initia...

    Authors: Annemiek Bielderman, Cees P van der Schans, Marie-Rose J van Lieshout, Mathieu HG de Greef, Froukje Boersma, Wim P Krijnen and Nardi Steverink

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Accidental falls in the elderly are a major health problem, despite extensive research on risk factors and prevention. Only a limited number of multifactorial, long-term prospective studies have been performed...

    Authors: Magnus Stenhagen, Henrik Ekström, Eva Nordell and Sölve Elmståhl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:81

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) has been shown to be highly efficient and (cost-)effective in reducing delirium incidence in the USA. HELP provides multicomponent protocols targeted at specific risk fac...

    Authors: Marije J Strijbos, Bas Steunenberg, Roos C van der Mast, Sharon K Inouye and Marieke J Schuurmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The intervention; “Continuum of Care for Frail Older People”, was designed to create an integrated continuum of care from the hospital emergency department through the hospital and back to the older person’s own ...

    Authors: Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Helena Gustafsson, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:76

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Impaired balance and mobility are common among rehabilitation inpatients. Poor balance and mobility lead to an increased risk of falling. Specific balance exercise has been shown to improve balance and reduce ...

    Authors: Daniel Treacy, Karl Schurr and Catherine Sherrington

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:75

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. There is a persistently high incidence of adverse events during hospitalization among Medicare beneficiaries. Attributes of vulnerability are prevalent, readily apparent, and therefore potentially useful for r...

    Authors: Jeff Borenstein, Harriet Udin Aronow, Linda Burnes Bolton, Jua Choi, Catherine Bresee and Glenn D Braunstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:72

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Age-related losses in bone mineral density (BMD), muscle strength, balance, and gait have been linked to an increased risk of falls, fractures and disability, but few prospective studies have compared the timi...

    Authors: Robin M Daly, Bjorn E Rosengren, Gayani Alwis, Henrik G Ahlborg, Ingemar Sernbo and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:71

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Hip fracture in older adults is associated with depression and frailty. This study examined the synergistic effects of depression and hip fracture on physical frailty, and the mediating role of the cortisol:de...

    Authors: Anna C Phillips, Jane Upton, Niharika Arora Duggal, Douglas Carroll and Janet M Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:60

    Content type: Research article

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  38. People with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD) frequently have low activity levels, poor mobility and reduced quality of life. Although increased physical activity may improve mobility, balance and wellbeing,...

    Authors: Daniele Volpe, Matteo Signorini, Anna Marchetto, Timothy Lynch and Meg E Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:54

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Falls are one of the major health problems in old people. Different risk factors were identified but only few epidemiological studies analysed the influence of conventionally measured blood pressure on falls. ...

    Authors: Diana Klein, Gabriele Nagel, Andrea Kleiner, Hanno Ulmer, Barbara Rehberger, Hans Concin and Kilian Rapp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:50

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. Exercise programs appear to reduce fall risk, but the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise is unknown. External pert...

    Authors: Jon D Lurie, Alexandra B Zagaria, Dawna M Pidgeon, Judith L Forman and Kevin F Spratt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:49

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The main objective of the present study was to determine whether UI is an independent predictor of ADL decline and IADL decline in elderly women. We also aimed to find out whether incontinent subjects were at ...

    Authors: Ragnhild Omli, Steinar Hunskaar, Arnstein Mykletun, Ulla Romild and Esther Kuhry

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:47

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Although lower urinary tract symptoms have been associated with falls, few studies have been undertaken to understand this relationship in vulnerable community dwelling older adults. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Kathleen F Hunter, Donald Voaklander, Zoe Y Hsu and Katherine N Moore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:46

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Older adults could not safely step over an obstacle unless they correctly estimated their physical ability to be capable of a successful step over action. Thus, incorrect estimation (overestimation) of ability...

    Authors: Ryota Sakurai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masami Ishihara, Takahiro Higuchi, Hayato Uchida and Kuniyasu Imanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:44

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Fatigue, lack of motivation and low compliance can be observed in nursing home residents during the practice of physical activity. Because exercises should not be too vigorous, whole body vibration could poten...

    Authors: Charlotte Beaudart, Didier Maquet, Mélanie Mannarino, Fanny Buckinx, Marie Demonceau, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Jean-Yves Reginster and Olivier Bruyère

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:42

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Falls are the number one cause of injuries in older adults, and are particularly common in long-term care (LTC). Lack of objective evidence on the mechanisms of falls in this setting is a major barrier to prev...

    Authors: Yijian Yang, Rebecca Schonnop, Fabio Feldman and Stephen N Robinovitch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:40

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Walking requires gait adjustments in order to walk safely in continually changing environments. Gait adaptability is reduced in older adults, and (near) falls, fall-related hip fractures and fear of falling ar...

    Authors: Mariëlle W van Ooijen, Melvyn Roerdink, Marga Trekop, Jan Visschedijk, Thomas W Janssen and Peter J Beek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:34

    Content type: Study protocol

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