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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 9 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    Due to the rapidly increasing number of older people worldwide, the prevalence of frailty among older adults is expected to escalate in coming decades. It is crucial to recognize early onset symptoms to initia...

    Authors: Annemiek Bielderman, Cees P van der Schans, Marie-Rose J van Lieshout, Mathieu HG de Greef, Froukje Boersma, Wim P Krijnen and Nardi Steverink

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:86

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Accidental falls in the elderly are a major health problem, despite extensive research on risk factors and prevention. Only a limited number of multifactorial, long-term prospective studies have been performed...

    Authors: Magnus Stenhagen, Henrik Ekström, Eva Nordell and Sölve Elmståhl

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:81

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    The Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) has been shown to be highly efficient and (cost-)effective in reducing delirium incidence in the USA. HELP provides multicomponent protocols targeted at specific risk fac...

    Authors: Marije J Strijbos, Bas Steunenberg, Roos C van der Mast, Sharon K Inouye and Marieke J Schuurmans

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:78

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The intervention; “Continuum of Care for Frail Older People”, was designed to create an integrated continuum of care from the hospital emergency department through the hospital and back to the older person’s own ...

    Authors: Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Helena Gustafsson, Sten Landahl and Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:76

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Impaired balance and mobility are common among rehabilitation inpatients. Poor balance and mobility lead to an increased risk of falling. Specific balance exercise has been shown to improve balance and reduce ...

    Authors: Daniel Treacy, Karl Schurr and Catherine Sherrington

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:75

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  6. Content type: Research article

    There is a persistently high incidence of adverse events during hospitalization among Medicare beneficiaries. Attributes of vulnerability are prevalent, readily apparent, and therefore potentially useful for r...

    Authors: Jeff Borenstein, Harriet Udin Aronow, Linda Burnes Bolton, Jua Choi, Catherine Bresee and Glenn D Braunstein

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:72

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Age-related losses in bone mineral density (BMD), muscle strength, balance, and gait have been linked to an increased risk of falls, fractures and disability, but few prospective studies have compared the timi...

    Authors: Robin M Daly, Bjorn E Rosengren, Gayani Alwis, Henrik G Ahlborg, Ingemar Sernbo and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:71

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture in older adults is associated with depression and frailty. This study examined the synergistic effects of depression and hip fracture on physical frailty, and the mediating role of the cortisol:de...

    Authors: Anna C Phillips, Jane Upton, Niharika Arora Duggal, Douglas Carroll and Janet M Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:60

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  9. Content type: Research article

    People with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD) frequently have low activity levels, poor mobility and reduced quality of life. Although increased physical activity may improve mobility, balance and wellbeing,...

    Authors: Daniele Volpe, Matteo Signorini, Anna Marchetto, Timothy Lynch and Meg E Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:54

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Falls are one of the major health problems in old people. Different risk factors were identified but only few epidemiological studies analysed the influence of conventionally measured blood pressure on falls. ...

    Authors: Diana Klein, Gabriele Nagel, Andrea Kleiner, Hanno Ulmer, Barbara Rehberger, Hans Concin and Kilian Rapp

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:50

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. Exercise programs appear to reduce fall risk, but the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise is unknown. External pert...

    Authors: Jon D Lurie, Alexandra B Zagaria, Dawna M Pidgeon, Judith L Forman and Kevin F Spratt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:49

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The main objective of the present study was to determine whether UI is an independent predictor of ADL decline and IADL decline in elderly women. We also aimed to find out whether incontinent subjects were at ...

    Authors: Ragnhild Omli, Steinar Hunskaar, Arnstein Mykletun, Ulla Romild and Esther Kuhry

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:47

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although lower urinary tract symptoms have been associated with falls, few studies have been undertaken to understand this relationship in vulnerable community dwelling older adults. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Kathleen F Hunter, Donald Voaklander, Zoe Y Hsu and Katherine N Moore

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:46

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Older adults could not safely step over an obstacle unless they correctly estimated their physical ability to be capable of a successful step over action. Thus, incorrect estimation (overestimation) of ability...

    Authors: Ryota Sakurai, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masami Ishihara, Takahiro Higuchi, Hayato Uchida and Kuniyasu Imanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:44

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Fatigue, lack of motivation and low compliance can be observed in nursing home residents during the practice of physical activity. Because exercises should not be too vigorous, whole body vibration could poten...

    Authors: Charlotte Beaudart, Didier Maquet, Mélanie Mannarino, Fanny Buckinx, Marie Demonceau, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Jean-Yves Reginster and Olivier Bruyère

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:42

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Falls are the number one cause of injuries in older adults, and are particularly common in long-term care (LTC). Lack of objective evidence on the mechanisms of falls in this setting is a major barrier to prev...

    Authors: Yijian Yang, Rebecca Schonnop, Fabio Feldman and Stephen N Robinovitch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:40

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Walking requires gait adjustments in order to walk safely in continually changing environments. Gait adaptability is reduced in older adults, and (near) falls, fall-related hip fractures and fear of falling ar...

    Authors: Mariëlle W van Ooijen, Melvyn Roerdink, Marga Trekop, Jan Visschedijk, Thomas W Janssen and Peter J Beek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:34

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Falling in older age is a major public health concern due to its costly and disabling consequences. However very few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted in developing countries, in which po...

    Authors: Kelem de Negreiros Cabral, Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Aline Thomaz Soares, Francine de Cristo Stein, Celisa Tiemi Nakagawa Sera, Anne Tiedemann, Cathie Sherrington, Wilson Jacob Filho and Sérgio Márcio Pacheco Paschoal

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:27

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies suggest that psychotropic drug changes may signal an acute period of time whereby a person is highly vulnerable to fall. It is unknown whether certain classes of psychotropic agents are less s...

    Authors: Murray A Echt, Elizabeth J Samelson, Marian T Hannan, Alyssa B Dufour and Sarah D Berry

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:19

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Joint contractures are frequent in older individuals in geriatric care settings. Even though they are used as indicator of quality of care, there is neither a common standard to describe functioning and disabi...

    Authors: Martin Müller, Uli Fischer, Gabriele Bartoszek, Eva Grill and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:18

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses...

    Authors: Jiro Okochi, Tai Takahashi, Kiyoshi Takamuku and Reuben Escorpizo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:16

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Falls have enormous impact in older adults. Yet, there is insufficient evidence regarding the effectiveness of preventive interventions in this setting. The objectives were to measure the frequency of falls an...

    Authors: Javier Damián, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Emiliana Valderrama-Gama and Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:6

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Dizziness is a common complaint among older adults and has been linked to a wide range of health conditions, psychological and social characteristics in this population. However a profile of dizziness is still...

    Authors: Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Wuber Jefferson de Souza Soares, Eduardo Ferriolli and Monica Rodrigues Perracini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:4

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Among the many definitions of frailty, the frailty phenotype defined by Fried et al. is one of few constructs that has been repeatedly validated: first in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) and subsequently in...

    Authors: Nejma S Macklai, Jacques Spagnoli, Julien Junod and Brigitte Santos-Eggimann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:3

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    The effects of a regular and graduated walking program as a stand-alone intervention for individuals in long-term care are unclear. Exercise and fall prevention programs typically studied in long-term care set...

    Authors: Vanina PM Dal Bello-Haas, Lilian U Thorpe, Lisa M Lix, Rhonda Scudds and Thomas Hadjistavropoulos

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:76

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Computer-based interventions have demonstrated consistent positive effects on various physical abilities in older adults. This study aims to compare two training groups that achieve similar amounts of strength...

    Authors: Giuseppe Pichierri, Kurt Murer and Eling D de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:74

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although resistance exercise interventions have been shown to be beneficial in prefrail or frail older adults it remains unclear whether there are residual effects when the training is followed by a period of ...

    Authors: Astrid Zech, Michael Drey, Ellen Freiberger, Christian Hentschke, Juergen M Bauer, Cornel C Sieber and Klaus Pfeifer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:68

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Based on findings primarily using self-report measures, physical activity has been recommended to reduce disability in old age. Collecting objective measures of total daily physical activity in community-dwell...

    Authors: Raj C Shah, Aron S Buchman, Sue Leurgans, Patricia A Boyle and David A Bennett

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:63

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Intervention studies testing the efficacy of cardiorespiratory exercise have shown some promise in terms of improving cognitive function in later life. Recent developments suggest that a multi-modal exercise i...

    Authors: Sue Vaughan, Norm Morris, David Shum, Siobhan O’Dwyer and Denise Polit

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:60

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have directly compared the competing approaches to identifying frailty in more vulnerable older populations. We examined the ability of two versions of a frailty index (43 vs. 83 items), the Cardio...

    Authors: David B Hogan, Elizabeth A Freiheit, Laurel A Strain, Scott B Patten, Heidi N Schmaltz, Darryl Rolfson and Colleen J Maxwell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:56

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is a major problem in older women. Management is usually restricted to dealing with the consequences instead of treating underlying causes such as bladder dysfunction or reduced mobil...

    Authors: Erwin CPM Tak, Ariëtte van Hespen, Paula van Dommelen and Marijke Hopman-Rock

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:51

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