Skip to main content


Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 6 of 9

  1. Content type: Research Article

    The Life-Space Assessment (LSA), developed in the USA, is an instrument focusing on mobility with respect to reaching different areas defined as life-spaces, extending from the room where the person sleeps to ...

    Authors: Sofi Fristedt, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind, Marie Ernsth Bravell and Eleonor I. Fransson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:181

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research Article

    The use of Fall-Risk-Increasing-Drugs (FRIDs) has been associated with increased risk of falls and associated injuries. This study investigates the effect of withdrawal of FRIDs versus ‘care as usual’ on healt...

    Authors: Suzanne Polinder, Nicole D. A. Boyé, Francesco U. S. Mattace-Raso, Nathalie Van der Velde, Klaas A. Hartholt, Oscar J. De Vries, Paul Lips, Tischa J. M. Van der Cammen, Peter Patka, Ed F. Van Beeck and Esther M. M. Van Lieshout

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:179

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research Article

    There is evidence about time-dependent fracture rates in different settings and situations. Lacking are data about underlying time-dependent fall risk patterns. The objective of the study was to analyse fall r...

    Authors: Kilian Rapp, Johannes Ravindren, Clemens Becker, Ulrich Lindemann, Andrea Jaensch and Jochen Klenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:173

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Health-promoting interventions tailored to support older persons to remain in their homes, so-called “ageing in place” is important for supporting or improving their health. The health-promoting programme “Eld...

    Authors: Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Lina Behm, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Lena Zidén, Sten Landahl and Susanne Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:171

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Intelligence is related to both height and body mass index (BMI) at various stages of life. Several studies have demonstrated longitudinal relationships between these measures, but none has established whether...

    Authors: Mathew A. Harris, Caroline E. Brett, Ian J. Deary and John M. Starr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:167

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    A concept referred to as locomotive syndrome (LS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association in order to help identify middle-aged and older adults who may be at high risk of requiring healthcare ser...

    Authors: Misa Nakamura, Yosuke Kobashi, Hiroshi Hashizume, Hiroyuki Oka, Ryohei Kono, Sachiko Nomura, Akihiro Maeno, Munehito Yoshida and Hirotoshi Utsunomiya

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:166

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research Article

    Dizziness is highly prevalent among older people and associated with many health factors. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of and factors related to dizziness among community-dwelling older...

    Authors: Ann-Sofi C. Kammerlind, Marie Ernsth Bravell and Eleonor I. Fransson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:159

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research Article

    Hip fractures are an increasingly common consequence of falls in older people that are associated with a high risk of death and reduced function. This review aims to quantify the impact of hip fracture on olde...

    Authors: Suzanne M. Dyer, Maria Crotty, Nicola Fairhall, Jay Magaziner, Lauren A. Beaupre, Ian D. Cameron and Catherine Sherrington

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:158

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research Article

    Anaemia is a common problem in hospitalized older patients and is recognized as a risk factor for a significant number of adverse outcomes. Data of the effect of anaemia on functional status during hospitaliza...

    Authors: Etienne Joosten, Elke Detroyer and Koen Milisen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:153

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    There are limited published data reporting Australian hospitalized elders’ vulnerability to functional decline to guide best practice interventions. The objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence...

    Authors: Lenore Beddoes-Ley, Damien Khaw, Maxine Duke and Mari Botti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:150

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research Article

    The Indicator of Relative Need (IoRN) instrument is designed for both health and social care services to measure function and dependency in older people. To date, the tool has not undergone assessment of valid...

    Authors: Anne Canny, Frances Robertson, Peter Knight, Adam Redpath and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:147

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Physical exercises are widely used in community programs, but not all older adults are willing to participate. Information and communication technology may solve this problem by allowing older people to partic...

    Authors: Akira Kanai, Sachiko Kiyama, Hiroshi Goto, Hidehito Tomita, Ayuko Tanaka, Mitsunobu Kunimi, Tsutomu Okada and Toshiharu Nakai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:121

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Increasing frailty is associated with risk of mortality and functional decline in hospitalized older adults, but there is no consensus on the best screening method for use by non-geriatricians. The objective o...

    Authors: Kate J. Gregorevic, Ruth E. Hubbard, Benny Katz and Wen K. Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:117

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increased scholarly interest in the senses and sensory experiences, the topic of older people’s sensory engagement with nature is currently under researched. This paper reviews and synthesises qual...

    Authors: Noreen Orr, Alexandra Wagstaffe, Simon Briscoe and Ruth Garside

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:116

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    There are currently no valid, fast, and easy-to-administer performance tests that are designed to assess the capacities to perform activities of daily living in persons with mild dementia and mild cognitive im...

    Authors: Katharina Luttenberger, Simone Reppermund, Anke Schmiedeberg-Sohn, Stephanie Book and Elmar Graessel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:111

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical exercise and healthy lifestyle can improve aerobic power of the elderly, although lung capacity gradually deteriorates with age. The aims of the study are: a) to evaluate the therapeutic effec...

    Authors: Ashraf Adel Fahmy Bichay, Juan M. Ramírez, Víctor M. Núñez, Carolina Lancho, María S. Poblador and José L. Lancho

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:110

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research Article

    Few studies have examined whether specific subtypes of anemia in older persons are more related to adverse outcomes such as hospital readmissions and death after acute hospitalization and post-acute care.

    Authors: Jenny Foss Abrahamsen, Anne-Lise Bjorke Monsen, Francesco Landi, Cathrine Haugland, Roy Miodini Nilsen and Anette Hylen Ranhoff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:109

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Many older adults with mobility limitations use assistive technology to help them perform daily activities. However, little attention has been paid to the impact on their family caregivers. This neglect produc...

    Authors: Louise Demers, W. Ben Mortenson, Marcus J. Fuhrer, Jeffrey W. Jutai, Michelle Plante, Jasmine Mah and Frank DeRuyter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:103

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Frailty among older people is associated with an increased risk of needing care. There have been many reports on preventive care programs for frail older people, but few have shown positive effects on disabili...

    Authors: Yoshimi Yuri, Shinichi Takabatake, Tomoko Nishikawa, Mari Oka and Taro Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:101

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:104

  20. Content type: Research article

    Frailty prevalence differs across countries depending on the models used to assess it that are based on various conceptual and operational definitions. This study aims to assess the clinical validity of three ...

    Authors: Anna Turusheva, Elena Frolova, Elena Korystina, Dmitry Zelenukha, Pulodjon Tadjibaev, Natalia Gurina, Eralda Turkeshi and Jean-Marie Degryse

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:98

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Given the challenges of aging populations, calls have been issued for more sustainable urban re-development and implementation of local solutions to address global environmental and healthy aging issues. Howev...

    Authors: Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix, Philippe Gerber, Michel Desprès, Lise Gauvin, Olivier Klein, Sylvain Klein, Bernhard Köppen, Sébastien Lord, Alexandre Naud, Marion Patte, Hélène Payette, Lucie Richard, Pierre Rondier, Martine Shareck, Cédric Sueur…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:96

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:127

  22. Content type: Research article

    The FRAX® algorithm quantifies a patient’s 10-year probability of a hip or major osteoporotic fracture without taking an individual’s balance into account. Balance measures assess the functional ability of an ...

    Authors: David A. Najafi, Leif E. Dahlberg and Eva Ekvall Hansson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:94

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    According to the CDC, falls rank among the leading causes of accidental death in the United States, resulting in significant health care costs annually. In this paper we present information about everyday life...

    Authors: John N. Morris, Elizabeth P. Howard, Knight Steel, Katherine Berg, Achille Tchalla, Amy Munankarmi and Daniel David

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:92

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Restricted physical activity commonly occurs following acute musculoskeletal pain in older adults and may influence long-term outcomes. We sought to examine the relationship between restricted physical activit...

    Authors: Timothy F. Platts-Mills, Robert J. Nicholson, Natalie L. Richmond, Kushang V. Patel, Eleanor M. Simonsick, Robert M. Domeier, Robert A. Swor, Phyllis L. Hendry, David A. Peak, Niels K. Rathlev, Jeffrey S. Jones, David C. Lee, Mark A. Weaver, Francis J. Keefe and Samuel A. McLean

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:86

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    To estimate the long-term change in health related quality of life (HRQoL) following low-trauma fractures among individuals receiving home care (HC) services or living in long-term care (LTC) facilities using ...

    Authors: Jean-Eric Tarride, Natasha Burke, William D. Leslie, Suzanne N. Morin, Jonathan D. Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, Louis Bessette, Jacques P. Brown, Louisa Pericleous, Sergei Muratov and Robert B. Hopkins

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:84

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Older adults experience functional decline in hospital leading to increased healthcare burden and morbidity. The benefits of augmented exercise in hospital remain uncertain. The aim of this trial is to measure...

    Authors: Ruth McCullagh, Eimear O’Connell, Sarah O’Meara, Ivan Perry, Anthony Fitzgerald, Kieran O’Connor, N. Frances Horgan and Suzanne Timmons

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:79

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Results from studies assessing the association between anticholinergic use and falls are mixed, and prior studies are limited in their ability to control for important potential confounders. Thus, we sought to...

    Authors: Zachary A. Marcum, Heidi S. Wirtz, Mary Pettinger, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Ryan Carnahan, Jane A. Cauley, Jennifer W. Bea and Shelly L. Gray

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:76

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    The elderly are predisposed to chronic osteomyelitis because of the immunocompromised nature of aging and increasing number of chronic comorbidities. Chronic osteomyelitis may significantly affect the health o...

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Huang, Kang-Ting Tsai, Shih-Feng Weng, Hung-Jung Lin, Hung-Sheng Huang, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo and Chien-Chin Hsu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:72

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Decreased independence and loss of functional ability are issues regarded as inevitably connected to old age. This ageism may have negative influences on older adults’ beliefs about aging, making it difficult ...

    Authors: Samal Algilani, Lina Östlund-Lagerström, Ida Schoultz, Robert J. Brummer and Annica Kihlgren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:70

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Using Singapore as a case study, this paper aims to understand the effects of the current long-term care policy and various alternative policy options on the labor market participation of primary informal fami...

    Authors: John P. Ansah, David B. Matchar, Rahul Malhotra, Sean R. Love, Chang Liu and Young Do

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:69

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Self-perceived health (SPH) is a powerful indicator of the health status of elderly people. This issue has been widely studied in oldest populations considering altogether functionally independent and dependen...

    Authors: Mónica Machón, Itziar Vergara, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou and Isabel Larrañaga

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:66

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Concerns about using Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) in national surveys come up frequently in geriatric and rehabilitation medicine due to high rates of non-performance for reasons other than ...

    Authors: Margaret G. Stineman, Dawei Xie, Qiang Pan, Jibby E. Kurichi, Debra Saliba, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose and Joel E. Streim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:64

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Over 30 % of older patients experience hospitalization-associated disability (HAD) (i.e., loss of independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)) after an acute hospitalization. Despite its high prevalence,...

    Authors: Lucienne A. Reichardt, Jesse J. Aarden, Rosanne van Seben, Marike van der Schaaf, Raoul H. H. Engelbert, Jos A. Bosch and Bianca M. Buurman

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:59

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Falls are common among elderly, most of them occur while slipping or tripping during walking. We aimed to explore whether a training program that incorporates unexpected loss of balance during walking able to ...

    Authors: Ilan Kurz, Yoav Gimmon, Amir Shapiro, Ronen Debi, Yoram Snir and Itshak Melzer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:58

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Fear of falling is a common and potentially disabling problem among older adults. However, little is known about this condition in older adults with diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to investigat...

    Authors: Bruno de Souza Moreira, Daniela Maria da Cruz dos Anjos, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Rosângela Corrêa Dias and Renata Noce Kirkwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:56

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is widely recognised as a distinct multifactorial clinical syndrome that implies vulnerability. The links between frailty and adverse outcomes such as death and institutionalisation have been widely ev...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Sutton, Rebecca L. Gould, Stephanie Daley, Mark C. Coulson, Emma V. Ward, Aine M. Butler, Stephen P. Nunn and Robert J. Howard

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:55

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Sarcopenia is a common geriatric syndrome associated with serious adverse health outcomes. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) suggests different methods for case finding for sarc...

    Authors: Jens Reiss, Bernhard Iglseder, Martina Kreutzer, Ingrid Weilbuchner, Wolfgang Treschnitzer, Helmut Kässmann, Christian Pirich and Raphael Reiter

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:52

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    To explore the level of physical activity in a population based sample of older adults; to analyze the influence of pain characteristics and fear-avoidance beliefs as predictors of physical activity among olde...

    Authors: Caroline Larsson, Eva Ekvall Hansson, Kristina Sundquist and Ulf Jakobsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:50

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are heterogenous. Certain patient characteristics are associated with poorer prognosis, but less is known about differences in response to treatment among subgroups. The Trondheim Hip Fra...

    Authors: Anders Prestmo, Ingvild Saltvedt, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Kristin Taraldsen, Pernille Thingstad, Stian Lydersen and Olav Sletvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:49

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    The associations of sarcopenia with adverse health status have highlighted the importance of sarcopenia research and intervention. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics of aging-related differ...

    Authors: Ping Zeng, Yiwen Han, Jing Pang, Sinan Wu, Huan Gong, Jianguo Zhu, Jian Li and Tiemei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:45

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Joint contractures are a common health problem in older persons with significant impact on activities of daily living. We aimed to retrieve outcome measures applied in studies on older persons with joint contr...

    Authors: Gabriele Bartoszek, Uli Fischer, Martin Müller, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill, Stephan Nadolny and Gabriele Meyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:40

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Lasting disability and further falls are common and costly problems in older people following fall-related lower limb and pelvic fractures. Exercise interventions can improve mobility after fracture and reduce...

    Authors: Catherine Sherrington, Nicola Fairhall, Catherine Kirkham, Lindy Clemson, Kirsten Howard, Constance Vogler, Jacqueline CT Close, Anne M Moseley, Ian D Cameron, Jenson Mak, David Sonnabend and Stephen R Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:34

    Published on: