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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 5 of 10

  1. Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthc...

    Authors: Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén and Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:240

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. Subjective expectations regarding future health may influence patients’ judgement of current health and treatment effects, as well as adherence to therapies in chronic diseases. We aimed to explore subjective ...

    Authors: Márta Péntek, Valentin Brodszky, Zsolt Biró, Zsófia Kölkedi, Árpád Dunai, János Németh, Petra Baji, Fanni Rencz, László Gulácsi and Miklós D. Resch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:233

    Content type: Research Article

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  3. Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. Howev...

    Authors: Meng Ni, Lorna G. Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D. Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K. Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J. Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima and Jonathan F. Bean

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:221

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Frailty is an emerging issue in geriatrics and gerontology. The prevalence of frailty is increasing as the population ages. Like many developing countries, Vietnam has a rapidly ageing population. However, the...

    Authors: Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Tu N. Nguyen, Anh Trung Nguyen, Robert Cumming, Sarah Hilmer and Thang Pham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:216

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge nece...

    Authors: Kay L. Cox, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A. Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida, Dina LoGiudice and Nicola T. Lautenschlager

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:215

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Geriatric patients with cognitive impairment (CI) show an increased risk for a negative rehabilitation outcome and reduced functional recovery following inpatient rehabilitation. Despite this obvious demand, e...

    Authors: Martin Bongartz, Rainer Kiss, Phoebe Ullrich, Tobias Eckert, Jürgen Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:214

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. The screening of frail individuals at risk for functional health decline and adverse health outcomes lies in the evolving agenda of home care providers. Such a screening can be based on a frailty index (FI) de...

    Authors: Catherine Ludwig and Catherine Busnel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:205

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. Handgrip strength is used to identify sarcopenia and frailty phenotypes, being a potential predictor of mortality in older adults. However, uniformity is lacking in the reference values. This study aimed to de...

    Authors: Joana Mendes, Teresa F. Amaral, Nuno Borges, Alejandro Santos, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso and Rita Negrão

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:191

    Content type: Research Article

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  9. While community-wide interventions to promote physical activity have been encouraged in older adults, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. We conducted a qualitative study among older adults partic...

    Authors: Hiroko Komatsu, Kaori Yagasaki, Yoshinobu Saito and Yuko Oguma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:190

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Gastric cancer is a major health problem, and frailty and sarcopenia will affect the postoperative outcomes in older people. However, there is still no systematic review to determine the role of frailty and sa...

    Authors: Yanjiao Shen, Qiukui Hao, Jianghua Zhou and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:188

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the devel...

    Authors: Linda P.M. Op het Veld, Bart H.L. Ament, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen, Henrica C.W. de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema and Anna J.H.M. Beurskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:185

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Clare L. Clarke, Falko F. Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S. Argo, Peter T. Donnan, Marion E. T. McMurdo and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:180

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Hand-grip strength (HGS) serves as a proxy measure for muscle function and physical health. Studies have shown that low HGS is associated with common age-related disorders including frailty and sarcopenia. The...

    Authors: Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Yunjue Zhang, Esmond Seow, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:176

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. Family support can help older adults better adhere to exercise routine, but it remains unclear whether an exercise program targeting older married couples would have stronger effects on exercise adherence than...

    Authors: Yosuke Osuka, Songee Jung, Taeho Kim, Yoshiro Okubo, Eunbi Kim and Kiyoji Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:170

    Content type: Research Article

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  15. Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Conce...

    Authors: Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata and Masami Akai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:165

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to exp...

    Authors: Jeongok Park and Young Joo Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:158

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are neces...

    Authors: A. Kapan, E. Winzer, S. Haider, S. Titze, K. Schindler, C. Lackinger and T. E. Dorner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:154

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Chronic, mostly musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults. Little is known about the prognosis of chronic pain and the neuropathic pain qualities in older adults. We studied a cohort of community-dwell...

    Authors: Susanna Rapo-Pylkkö, Maija Haanpää and Helena Liira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:152

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific Inte...

    Authors: Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz and Jesús de Pedro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:150

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. Addressing muscle deficits within a multi-component exercise fall reduction program is a priority, especially for the highest risk older adults, i.e., those who have fallen previously. Eccentric resistance exe...

    Authors: Paul LaStayo, Robin Marcus, Leland Dibble, Bob Wong and Ginette Pepper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:149

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. The purpose of health and social policies is to encourage older people more longevity, remain free of disability and experience quality of life while living in their homes.

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Remedios López-Liria, Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Jose Manuel Aguilar-Parra and David Padilla-Góngora

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:145

    Content type: Research Article

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  22. Common foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. There is evidence that podiatry can prevent falls in community-dwelling populations. The feasibility of implementing a podiatry inte...

    Authors: Gavin Wylie, Hylton B. Menz, Sarah McFarlane, Simon Ogston, Frank Sullivan, Brian Williams, Zoe Young and Jacqui Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:143

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga progr...

    Authors: Garry A. Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy and Laura Bissell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:131

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlo...

    Authors: Vanessa R. Y. Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Bert J. M. de Swart and Nico H. J. Creugers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:128

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially...

    Authors: Sara Kelly, Irene O’Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O’Sullivan and Austin Warters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:121

    Content type: Research Article

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  26. Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline ...

    Authors: Deepika R. Laddu, Peggy M. Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R. Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic and Marcia L. Stefanick

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:119

    Content type: Research Article

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  27. Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function...

    Authors: Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini and Jane Mohler

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:117

    Content type: Research Article

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  28. This paper describes the design and development of a complex multifactorial falls prevention (MFFP) intervention for implementation and testing within the framework of a large UK-based falls prevention randomi...

    Authors: Julie Bruce, Shvaita Ralhan, Ray Sheridan, Katharine Westacott, Emma Withers, Susanne Finnegan, John Davison, Finbarr C. Martin and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research Article

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  29. Falls are common in people with dementia living in residential care. The ProF-Cog intervention was developed to address fall risk factors specific to this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Julie Whitney, Stephen H.D. Jackson and Finbarr C. Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:115

    Content type: Research Article

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  30. Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined t...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:111

    Content type: Research Article

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  31. When assessing population adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendation using accelerometers, absolute intensity threshold definition is applied despite having limited validity in those with low cardiores...

    Authors: Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Øyvind Salvesen, Trude Carlsen, Hallgeir Viken, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:109

    Content type: Research Article

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  32. Age-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low num...

    Authors: Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka and Kiyoshi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:102

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing rese...

    Authors: Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O’Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:100

    Content type: Research Article

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  34. Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people’s health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age e...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:99

    Content type: Research Article

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  35. Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-re...

    Authors: Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai and Yuji Uchiyama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research Article

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  36. The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disor...

    Authors: Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research Article

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  37. Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational th...

    Authors: Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu and Yan Yan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:90

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Falls are a common cause of injury in older adults, with the prevention of falls being a priority for public health departments around the world. This study investigated the feasibility, and impact of an 8 wee...

    Authors: Laura Britten, Christine Addington and Sarah Astill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research Article

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  39. Walking, and in particular, outdoor walking, is the most common form of physical activity for older adults. To date, no study investigated the association between the neighborhood built environment and physica...

    Authors: Anna M. Chudyk, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims-Gould and Maureen C. Ashe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:82

    Content type: Research Article

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  40. Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergame...

    Authors: Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker and Stefan Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:77

    Content type: Research Article

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