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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 5 of 9

  1. Content type: Research Article

    There is increasing demand for formal government funded home help services to support community-dwelling older people in Ireland, yet limited information exists on the health profiles of this group, especially...

    Authors: Sara Kelly, Irene O’Brien, Karla Smuts, Maria O’Sullivan and Austin Warters

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:121

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Excess adiposity gains and significant lean mass loss may be risk factors for chronic disease in old age. Long-term patterns of change in physical activity (PA) and their influence on body composition decline ...

    Authors: Deepika R. Laddu, Peggy M. Cawthon, Neeta Parimi, Andrew R. Hoffman, Eric Orwoll, Iva Miljkovic and Marcia L. Stefanick

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:119

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function...

    Authors: Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini and Jane Mohler

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:117

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    This paper describes the design and development of a complex multifactorial falls prevention (MFFP) intervention for implementation and testing within the framework of a large UK-based falls prevention randomi...

    Authors: Julie Bruce, Shvaita Ralhan, Ray Sheridan, Katharine Westacott, Emma Withers, Susanne Finnegan, John Davison, Finbarr C. Martin and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:116

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are common in people with dementia living in residential care. The ProF-Cog intervention was developed to address fall risk factors specific to this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Julie Whitney, Stephen H.D. Jackson and Finbarr C. Martin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:115

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined t...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:111

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    When assessing population adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendation using accelerometers, absolute intensity threshold definition is applied despite having limited validity in those with low cardiores...

    Authors: Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Øyvind Salvesen, Trude Carlsen, Hallgeir Viken, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:109

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    Age-related reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) is generally accelerated in women after menopause, and could be even more pronounced in individuals with sarcopenia. Light-load power training with a low num...

    Authors: Kanako Hamaguchi, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Masahiro Fujimoto, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Koji Sato, Takafumi Hamaoka and Kiyoshi Sanada

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:102

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  9. Content type: Research Article

    With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing rese...

    Authors: Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O’Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng and Zhanchun Feng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:100

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people’s health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age e...

    Authors: Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani and Hiroshi Hosoi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:99

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-re...

    Authors: Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai and Yuji Uchiyama

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:96

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disor...

    Authors: Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:92

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational th...

    Authors: Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu and Yan Yan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:90

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a common cause of injury in older adults, with the prevention of falls being a priority for public health departments around the world. This study investigated the feasibility, and impact of an 8 wee...

    Authors: Laura Britten, Christine Addington and Sarah Astill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:83

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Walking, and in particular, outdoor walking, is the most common form of physical activity for older adults. To date, no study investigated the association between the neighborhood built environment and physica...

    Authors: Anna M. Chudyk, Heather A. McKay, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims-Gould and Maureen C. Ashe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:82

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergame...

    Authors: Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker and Stefan Bachmann

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:77

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Hip fracture is a common injury in the geriatric population. Despite surgical repair and subsequent rehabilitation programmes, functional recovery is often limited, particularly in individuals with multi-morbi...

    Authors: Maaike N. Scheffers-Barnhoorn, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Romke van Balen, Jan H. M. Visschedijk, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Eve M. Dumas, Wilco P. Achterberg and Monica van Eijk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:71

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    Falls affect approx. 30% of elderly population per year. They cause major injuries and reduce independence of the older adults’ functioning.

    Authors: Dorota Talarska, Magdalena Strugała, Marlena Szewczyczak, Sławomir Tobis, Michał Michalak, Izabela Wróblewska and Katarzyna Wieczorowska – Tobis

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:66

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    There is increasing evidence suggesting that cognition and physical frailty interact within a cycle of decline associated with aging which has been called cognitive frailty. Exercise programs have demonstrated...

    Authors: Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Maider Kortajarena, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, María Gil Susana and Jon Irazusta

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:60

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women’s and men’s views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to system...

    Authors: Marlene Sandlund, Dawn A. Skelton, Petra Pohl, Christina Ahlgren, Anita Melander-Wikman and Lillemor Lundin-Olsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:58

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Dizziness is a frequently reported symptom in older people that can markedly impair quality of life. This manuscript presents the protocol for a randomised controlled trial, which has the main objective of det...

    Authors: Jasmine C. Menant, Americo A. Migliaccio, Cameron Hicks, Joanne Lo, Daniela Meinrath, Mayna Ratanapongleka, Jessica Turner, Daina L. Sturnieks, Kim Delbaere, Nickolai Titov, Catherine McVeigh, Jacqueline C. T. Close and Stephen R. Lord

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:56

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Self-care disability is dependence on others to conduct activities of daily living, such as bathing, eating and dressing. Among long-term care residents, self-care disability lowers quality of life and increas...

    Authors: Natasha E. Lane, Walter P. Wodchis, Cynthia M. Boyd and Thérèse A. Stukel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:49

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Muscle co-activation plays an important role in enhancing joint stability for movement regulation during motor learning activities. In normal aging, greater muscle co-activation is induced during gait in elder...

    Authors: Hwang-Jae Lee, Won Hyuk Chang, Byung-Ok Choi, Gyu-Ha Ryu and Yun-Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:44

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO-ICF) describes participation restriction as one aspect of disability. Participation restriction refers to health problems that can h...

    Authors: Justina Yat Wa LIU

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:43

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    The Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI) was developed to measure reintegration to normal living after major traumas/illnesses. Its psychometric properties remain unknown when used to measure participat...

    Authors: Justina Yat-Wa Liu and Ka Wai Ma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:41

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Studies on life-space (LS) and its determinants have previously been limited to community-dwelling subjects but are lacking in institutionalized older persons. The purpose of this study was to provide an advan...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Mona Diegelmann, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Hans-Werner Wahl and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:36

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    There is little certainty as to the prevalence of frailty in Canadians in younger adulthood. This study examines and compares the prevalence of frailty in Canadians 18–79 years old using the Accumulation of De...

    Authors: Dustin Scott Kehler, Thomas Ferguson, Andrew N. Stammers, Clara Bohm, Rakesh C. Arora, Todd A. Duhamel and Navdeep Tangri

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:28

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person’s physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial ...

    Authors: Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:23

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The pur...

    Authors: Lea F. Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A. Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese and Cornelia Betschart

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:17

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) levels of older adults living in a care setting are known to be very low. This is a significant health(care) problem, as regular PA has many health benefits also at advanced age. Researc...

    Authors: Margot A. Koeneman, Astrid Chorus, Marijke Hopman-Rock and Mai J. M. Chinapaw

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:8

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    The ability to adjust walking to environmental context is often reduced in older adults and, partly as result of this, falls are common in this population. A treadmill with visual context projected on its belt...

    Authors: Mariëlle W. van Ooijen, Melvyn Roerdink, Marga Trekop, Thomas W. J. Janssen and Peter J. Beek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:215

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    To (1) develop and refine the Home Environment Assessment for the Visually Impaired (HEAVI), and (2) determine the interrater reliability of this instrument, which was designed to quantify the number of fall-r...

    Authors: Bonnielin K. Swenor, Andrea V. Yonge, Victoria Goldhammer, Rhonda Miller, Laura N. Gitlin and Pradeep Ramulu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:214

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    This study examines changes in physical functioning among adults aged 50-79 years in Germany based on data from two German National Health Interview and Examination Surveys conducted in 1997–1999 (GNHIES98) an...

    Authors: A. K. Buttery, Y. Du, M. A. Busch, J. Fuchs, B. Gaertner, H. Knopf and C. Scheidt-Nave

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:205

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Assessment of functional ability in elderly patients is often based on self-reported rather than performance-based measures. This study aims to compare self-reported and performance-based measures of functiona...

    Authors: Louise M. Nielsen, Hans Kirkegaard, Lisa G. Østergaard, Karina Bovbjerg, Kasper Breinholt and Thomas Maribo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:199

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    Hip fractures resulting from falls increase substantially with advancing age and less than half of older hip fracture survivors regain their former levels of mobility. There is increasing evidence that rehabil...

    Authors: Camila Astolphi Lima, Catherine Sherrington, Adriana Guaraldo, Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Renata dos Ramos Varanda, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Kodi Edson Kojima and Monica Perracini

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:198

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    A need exits to develop a protocol for preventing pressure ulcers (PUs) in private for-profit nursing homes in Hong Kong, where the incidence of PUs is relatively high and which have high proportion of non-pro...

    Authors: Enid WY Kwong, Maria SY Hung and Kevin Woo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:192

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  37. Content type: Research article

    It is well documented that both balance and resistance training have the potential to mitigate intrinsic fall risk factors in older adults. However, knowledge about the effects of simultaneously executed balan...

    Authors: Nils Eckardt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:191

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Physical frailty is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in community-dwelling older adults. Burden in informal caregivers of older adults causes significant physical and psychological distress....

    Authors: Thom J. Ringer, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, Courtney C. Kennedy, Sarah Karampatos, Christopher Patterson, Sharon Marr, Brian Misiaszek, Tricia Woo, George Ioannidis and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:186

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is considered important to prevent disability among community-dwelling older people. To develop MVPA programs aimed at reducing or preventing disability more insig...

    Authors: Astrid Etman, Frank H. Pierik, Carlijn B. M. Kamphuis, Alex Burdorf and Frank J. van Lenthe

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:183

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  40. Content type: Research Article

    The Life-Space Assessment (LSA), developed in the USA, is an instrument focusing on mobility with respect to reaching different areas defined as life-spaces, extending from the room where the person sleeps to ...

    Authors: Sofi Fristedt, Ann-Sofi Kammerlind, Marie Ernsth Bravell and Eleonor I. Fransson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:181

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    The use of Fall-Risk-Increasing-Drugs (FRIDs) has been associated with increased risk of falls and associated injuries. This study investigates the effect of withdrawal of FRIDs versus ‘care as usual’ on healt...

    Authors: Suzanne Polinder, Nicole D. A. Boyé, Francesco U. S. Mattace-Raso, Nathalie Van der Velde, Klaas A. Hartholt, Oscar J. De Vries, Paul Lips, Tischa J. M. Van der Cammen, Peter Patka, Ed F. Van Beeck and Esther M. M. Van Lieshout

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:179

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    There is evidence about time-dependent fracture rates in different settings and situations. Lacking are data about underlying time-dependent fall risk patterns. The objective of the study was to analyse fall r...

    Authors: Kilian Rapp, Johannes Ravindren, Clemens Becker, Ulrich Lindemann, Andrea Jaensch and Jochen Klenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:173

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Health-promoting interventions tailored to support older persons to remain in their homes, so-called “ageing in place” is important for supporting or improving their health. The health-promoting programme “Eld...

    Authors: Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Kajsa Eklund, Katarina Wilhelmson, Lina Behm, Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Lena Zidén, Sten Landahl and Susanne Gustafsson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:171

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Intelligence is related to both height and body mass index (BMI) at various stages of life. Several studies have demonstrated longitudinal relationships between these measures, but none has established whether...

    Authors: Mathew A. Harris, Caroline E. Brett, Ian J. Deary and John M. Starr

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2016 16:167

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