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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 4 of 9

  1. Content type: Research Article

    More than six million American Indians live in the United States, and an estimated 1.6 million will be aged ≥65 years old by 2050 tripling in numbers since 2012. Physical functioning and related factors in thi...

    Authors: R. Turner Goins, Mark Schure, Paul N. Jensen, Astrid Suchy-Dicey, Lonnie Nelson, Steven P. Verney, Barbara V. Howard and Dedra Buchwald

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:6

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  2. Content type: Research Article

    Falls are a major problem for older adults. Many falls occur when a person’s attention is divided between two tasks, such as a dual task (DT) involving walking. Most recently, the role of personality in walkin...

    Authors: Maayan Agmon, Galit Armon, Shani Denesh and Mihalis Doumas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:1

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is a key predictor of death and dependency, yet little is known about frailty in sub-Saharan Africa despite rapid population ageing. We describe the prevalence and correlates of phenotypic frailty usin...

    Authors: Collin F. Payne, Alisha Wade, Chodziwadziwa W. Kabudula, Justine I. Davies, Angela Y. Chang, F. Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F. Berkman, Stephen M. Tollman, Joshua A. Salomon and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:293

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  4. Content type: Research Article

    Risk for falls in older adults has been associated with falls efficacy (self-perceived confidence in performing daily physical activities) and postural balance, but available evidence is limited and mixed. We ...

    Authors: Yong-Hao Pua, Peck-Hoon Ong, Ross Allan Clark, David B. Matcher and Edwin Choon-Wyn Lim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:291

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  5. Content type: Research Article

    Causal experimental evidence that physical activity prevents disability in older people is sparse. Being physically active has nonetheless been shown to be associated with disability-free survival in observati...

    Authors: Stefan H. Kreisel, Christian Blahak, Hansjörg Bäzner and Michael G. Hennerici

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:290

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    Surgical repair of severe pressure ulcers (PUs) in elderly patients remains a challenge for clinicians due to the complicated comorbidities and the special physical characteristics of elderly patients. The obj...

    Authors: Jing-Chun Zhao, Bo-Ru Zhang, Kai Shi, Jia-Ao Yu, Jian Wang, Qing-Hua Yu and Lei Hong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:285

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Identifying older adults with reduced physical performance at the time of hospital admission can significantly affect patient management and trajectory. For example, such patients could receive targeted hospit...

    Authors: Inge H. Bruun, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen and Christian B. Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:281

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  8. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to examine, in a sample of Japanese older adults, the associations of objectively-assessed sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) with performance-based physical funct...

    Authors: Akitomo Yasunaga, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Shigeru Inoue, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen and Koichiro Oka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:280

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown...

    Authors: Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang and Jenq-Wen Huang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:277

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  10. Content type: Research Article

    The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence of frailty using Fried’s phenotype method and the Short Performance Physical Battery (SPPB), 2) agreement between frailty assessment methods, 3...

    Authors: J. M. Pritchard, C. C. Kennedy, S. Karampatos, G. Ioannidis, B. Misiaszek, S. Marr, C. Patterson, T. Woo and A. Papaioannou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:264

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  11. Content type: Research Article

    This study compares the performance of four frailty screening tools in predicting relevant adverse outcome (disability, institutionalization and mortality) in community-dwelling elderly.

    Authors: Bienvenu Bongue, Aurélie Buisson, Caroline Dupre, François Beland, Régis Gonthier and Émilie Crawford-Achour

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:262

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Admitted patients who fall and injure themselves during an acute hospitalization incur increased costs, morbidity, and mortality, but little research has been conducted on identifying inpatients at high risk t...

    Authors: Emmanuel Aryee, Spencer L. James, Guenola M. Hunt and Hilary F. Ryder

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:260

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Mechanisms linking cognitive and physical functioning in older adults are unclear. We sought to determine whether brain pathological changes relate to the level or rate of physical performance decline.

    Authors: Andrea Z. LaCroix, Rebecca A. Hubbard, Shelly L. Gray, Melissa L. Anderson, Paul K. Crane, Joshua A. Sonnen, Oleg Zaslavsky and Eric B. Larson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:258

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    Geriatric syndromes, including frailty, are common in older adults and associated with adverse outcomes. We compared patients described in clinical notes as “frail” to other older adults with respect to geriat...

    Authors: Laura J. Anzaldi, Ashwini Davison, Cynthia M. Boyd, Bruce Leff and Hadi Kharrazi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:248

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Aging is accompanied by a decline of executive function. Aerobic exercise training induces moderate improvements of cognitive domains (i.e., attention, processing, executive function, memory) in seniors. Most ...

    Authors: Lars Donath, Sebastian Ludyga, Daniel Hammes, Anja Rossmeissl, Nadin Andergassen, Lukas Zahner and Oliver Faude

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:247

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthc...

    Authors: Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén and Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:240

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Subjective expectations regarding future health may influence patients’ judgement of current health and treatment effects, as well as adherence to therapies in chronic diseases. We aimed to explore subjective ...

    Authors: Márta Péntek, Valentin Brodszky, Zsolt Biró, Zsófia Kölkedi, Árpád Dunai, János Németh, Petra Baji, Fanni Rencz, László Gulácsi and Miklós D. Resch

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:233

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. Howev...

    Authors: Meng Ni, Lorna G. Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D. Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K. Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J. Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima and Jonathan F. Bean

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:221

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Frailty is an emerging issue in geriatrics and gerontology. The prevalence of frailty is increasing as the population ages. Like many developing countries, Vietnam has a rapidly ageing population. However, the...

    Authors: Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Tu N. Nguyen, Anh Trung Nguyen, Robert Cumming, Sarah Hilmer and Thang Pham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:216

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge nece...

    Authors: Kay L. Cox, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A. Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P. Almeida, Dina LoGiudice and Nicola T. Lautenschlager

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:215

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Geriatric patients with cognitive impairment (CI) show an increased risk for a negative rehabilitation outcome and reduced functional recovery following inpatient rehabilitation. Despite this obvious demand, e...

    Authors: Martin Bongartz, Rainer Kiss, Phoebe Ullrich, Tobias Eckert, Jürgen Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:214

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    The screening of frail individuals at risk for functional health decline and adverse health outcomes lies in the evolving agenda of home care providers. Such a screening can be based on a frailty index (FI) de...

    Authors: Catherine Ludwig and Catherine Busnel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:205

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    Handgrip strength is used to identify sarcopenia and frailty phenotypes, being a potential predictor of mortality in older adults. However, uniformity is lacking in the reference values. This study aimed to de...

    Authors: Joana Mendes, Teresa F. Amaral, Nuno Borges, Alejandro Santos, Patrícia Padrão, Pedro Moreira, Cláudia Afonso and Rita Negrão

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:191

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    While community-wide interventions to promote physical activity have been encouraged in older adults, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. We conducted a qualitative study among older adults partic...

    Authors: Hiroko Komatsu, Kaori Yagasaki, Yoshinobu Saito and Yuko Oguma

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:190

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Gastric cancer is a major health problem, and frailty and sarcopenia will affect the postoperative outcomes in older people. However, there is still no systematic review to determine the role of frailty and sa...

    Authors: Yanjiao Shen, Qiukui Hao, Jianghua Zhou and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:188

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the devel...

    Authors: Linda P.M. Op het Veld, Bart H.L. Ament, Erik van Rossum, Gertrudis I.J.M. Kempen, Henrica C.W. de Vet, KlaasJan Hajema and Anna J.H.M. Beurskens

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:185

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Clare L. Clarke, Falko F. Sniehotta, Thenmalar Vadiveloo, Ishbel S. Argo, Peter T. Donnan, Marion E. T. McMurdo and Miles D. Witham

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:180

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  28. Content type: Research Article

    Hand-grip strength (HGS) serves as a proxy measure for muscle function and physical health. Studies have shown that low HGS is associated with common age-related disorders including frailty and sarcopenia. The...

    Authors: Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Yunjue Zhang, Esmond Seow, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong and Mythily Subramaniam

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:176

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Family support can help older adults better adhere to exercise routine, but it remains unclear whether an exercise program targeting older married couples would have stronger effects on exercise adherence than...

    Authors: Yosuke Osuka, Songee Jung, Taeho Kim, Yoshiro Okubo, Eunbi Kim and Kiyoji Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:170

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Conce...

    Authors: Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata and Masami Akai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:165

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of this study was to classify patterns of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among community-dwelling older women, to examine difference in characteristics among the classes, and to exp...

    Authors: Jeongok Park and Young Joo Lee

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:158

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are neces...

    Authors: A. Kapan, E. Winzer, S. Haider, S. Titze, K. Schindler, C. Lackinger and T. E. Dorner

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:154

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  33. Content type: Research Article

    Chronic, mostly musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults. Little is known about the prognosis of chronic pain and the neuropathic pain qualities in older adults. We studied a cohort of community-dwell...

    Authors: Susanna Rapo-Pylkkö, Maija Haanpää and Helena Liira

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:152

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific Inte...

    Authors: Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz and Jesús de Pedro

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:150

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Addressing muscle deficits within a multi-component exercise fall reduction program is a priority, especially for the highest risk older adults, i.e., those who have fallen previously. Eccentric resistance exe...

    Authors: Paul LaStayo, Robin Marcus, Leland Dibble, Bob Wong and Ginette Pepper

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:149

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  36. Content type: Research Article

    The purpose of health and social policies is to encourage older people more longevity, remain free of disability and experience quality of life while living in their homes.

    Authors: Francisco Antonio Vega-Ramírez, Remedios López-Liria, Genoveva Granados-Gámez, Jose Manuel Aguilar-Parra and David Padilla-Góngora

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:145

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  37. Content type: Research Article

    Common foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. There is evidence that podiatry can prevent falls in community-dwelling populations. The feasibility of implementing a podiatry inte...

    Authors: Gavin Wylie, Hylton B. Menz, Sarah McFarlane, Simon Ogston, Frank Sullivan, Brian Williams, Zoe Young and Jacqui Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:143

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga progr...

    Authors: Garry A. Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy and Laura Bissell

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:131

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  39. Content type: Research Article

    Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlo...

    Authors: Vanessa R. Y. Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D. van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M. Bronkhorst, Bert J. M. de Swart and Nico H. J. Creugers

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2017 17:128

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