Skip to main content


Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

Page 2 of 9

  1. Content type: Research article

    Frailty in older adults is a condition characterised by a loss or reduction in physiological reserve resulting in increased clinical vulnerability. However, evidence suggests that frailty may be modifiable, and i...

    Authors: Rosie Burn, Ruth E. Hubbard, Richard J. Scrase, Rebecca K. Abey-Nesbit, Nancye M. Peel, Philip J. Schluter and Hamish A. Jamieson

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:319

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Frailty represents a public health priority and an increasingly prevalent condition in the ageing population. It is seen as reflecting an interaction among individual factors and a range of environmental eleme...

    Authors: Bo Ye, Junling Gao and Hua Fu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:314

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The pathophysiological mechanism of sarcopenia in the elderly has not yet been fully understood. Here, we aim to explore the relationship between sarcopenia and the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), ...

    Authors: Yu-Dong Rong, Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yue Ma and Xin-Zi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:308

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Visually impaired older people (VIOP) have a higher risk of falling than their sighted peers, and are likely to avoid physical activity. The aim was to adapt the existing Falls Management Exercise (FaME) progr...

    Authors: Nicola Adams, Dawn A. Skelton, Denise Howel, Cathy Bailey, Rosy Lampitt, Tony Fouweather, Joanne Gray, Dorothy Coe, Jennifer Wilkinson, Sheena Gawler, Lex D. de Jong, Heather Waterman, Vincent Deary, Michael Clarke and Steve W Parry

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:307

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    The loss of mobility during aging impacts independence and leads to further disability, morbidity, and reduced life expectancy. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and safety of conducting a randomize...

    Authors: Erik J. Groessl, Meghan Maiya, Laura Schmalzl, David Wing and Dilip V. Jeste

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:306

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Sedentariness may be an important risk factor for sarcopenia. The aim of this work was to assess the association between muscle mass and strength and markers of usual physical activity such as activity energy ...

    Authors: Daniel Bunout, Gladys Barrera, Sandra Hirsch, Teresa Jimenez and María Pia de la Maza

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:298

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    The Golden Ratio (GR) and the Fibonacci sequence have wide applications in biodiversity research, and recent studies indicate that the GR can be highlighted in the organization and physiological functioning of...

    Authors: Elena Ioana Iconaru, Manuela Mihaela Ciucurel, Luminita Georgescu and Constantin Ciucurel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:296

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Evidence of the harmful health effects of sedentary behavior is emerging; however, little is known about domain-specific sedentary behavior correlates. Thus, in this study, the personal and behavioral correlat...

    Authors: Shao-Hsi Chang, Ming-Chun Hsueh and Yung Liao

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:294

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    To counteract decline in physical performance and physical activity in older patients during hospitalization, multiple physical interventions were developed. However, it is unknown whether these are effective ...

    Authors: Kira Scheerman, Kirsten Raaijmakers, René Hubert Joseph Otten, Carel Gerardus Maria Meskers and Andrea Britta Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:288

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and absence of depressive symptoms are of great importance for older people, which may be achieved through lifestyle interventions, e.g., exercise and nutrition intervent...

    Authors: Åsa von Berens, Roger A. Fielding, Thomas Gustafsson, Dylan Kirn, Jonathan Laussen, Margaretha Nydahl, Kieran Reid, Thomas G. Travison, Hao Zhu, Tommy Cederholm and Afsaneh Koochek

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:286

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Peripheral sensory loss is considered one of many risk factors for gait impairments and falls in older adults, yet no prospective studies have examined changes in touch sensation in the foot over time and thei...

    Authors: Lewis A. Lipsitz, Brad Manor, Daniel Habtemariam, Ikechukwu Iloputaife, Junhong Zhou and Thomas G. Travison

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:274

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to explore the single and combined contributions of body mass index (BMI) and lower extremity performance as modifiable physical factors, and the influence of use of a private car ...

    Authors: Taishi Tsuji, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen and Taina Rantanen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:271

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    The complex physiology underpinning the frailty syndrome is responsible for the absence of robust biomarkers that can be used for screening, diagnostic and/or prognostic purposes and has made clinical implemen...

    Authors: Carla M. C. Nascimento, Marisa S. Zazzetta, Grace A. O. Gomes, Fabiana S. Orlandi, Karina Gramani-Say, Fernando A. Vasilceac, Aline C. M. Gratão, Sofia C. I. Pavarini and Marcia R. Cominetti

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:268

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Study protocol

    The Lifestyle-Integrated Functional Exercise (LiFE) program is effective in improving strength, balance, and physical activity (PA) while simultaneously reducing falls in older people by incorporating exercise...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Franziska Kramer, Sarah Labudek, Jochen Klenk, Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Lindy Clemson, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:267

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Although frailty and cognitive impairment are critical risk factors for disability and mortality in the general population of older inhabitants, the prevalence and incidence of these factors in individuals tre...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Tamura, Joji Ishikawa, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masashi Tanaka, Nobuo Kanazawa, Yuko Chiba, Ai Iizuka, Sho Kaito, Jun Tanaka, Masamitsu Sugie, Takashi Nishimura, Akiko Kanemaru, Keigo Shimoji, Hirohiko Hirano, Ko Furuta, Akihiko Kitamura…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:264

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls are a public health issue for the older adult population and more so for people with dementia (PWD). Compared with their cognitively intact peers, PWD are at higher risk of falls and injurious falls. Thi...

    Authors: Samuel R. Nyman, Christopher Hayward, Wendy Ingram, Peter Thomas, Sarah Thomas, Michael Vassallo, James Raftery, Helen Allen and Yolanda Barrado-Martín

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:263

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Older adults dialysis patients represent the frailest subgroup of the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) population and physical exercise program may mitigate the age-related decline in muscle mass and function.

    Authors: Rossella Baggetta, Graziella D’Arrigo, Claudia Torino, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali and Giovanni Tripepi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:248

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research Article

    Few objective tests can be performed at admission for kidney transplantation [KT] to discern risk of increased length of stay [LOS], which is important for patient counseling and is associated with increased c...

    Authors: Anthony J. Nastasi, Tyler S. Bryant, Jimmy T. Le, Jennifer Schrack, Hao Ying, Christine E. Haugen, Marlís González Fernández, Dorry L. Segev and Mara A. McAdams-DeMarco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:246

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were reported to have quadriceps weakness, and impaired proprioception, both related to pain and swelling. It is unclear whether pain alone a causal factor to above findi...

    Authors: Dokyung Kim, Geon Park, Liang-Tseng Kuo and Wonhah Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:245

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Whole body vibration was an effective training for improving muscle performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of 12-week whole-body vibration training program on voluntary activation of...

    Authors: Ning Wei and Gabriel Y. F. Ng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:240

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Health concerns, such as frailty and osteoporotic fractures decrease functional capacity and increase use of health and social care services in the aging population. The ability to continue living at home is d...

    Authors: Paula Soukkio, Sara Suikkanen, Sanna Kääriä, Hannu Kautiainen, Sarianna Sipilä, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula and Markku Hupli

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:232

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    Stair ascent is one of the most important and challenging activities of daily living to maintain mobility and independence in elderly adults. Recently, various types of wearable walking assist robots have been...

    Authors: Dong-Seok Kim, Hwang-Jae Lee, Su-Hyun Lee, Won Hyuk Chang, Junwon Jang, Byung-Ok Choi, Gyu-Ha Ryu and Yun-Hee Kim

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:230

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    The association between handgrip strength combined with body mass index (BMI) and cognitive impairment has not been thoroughly examined. We aimed to investigate whether the relationship between handgrip streng...

    Authors: Su-min Jeong, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Sujin Kim and Sang Min Park

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:225

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Existing studies in developed countries show that social participation has beneficial effects on the functional ability of older adults, but research on Chinese older people is limited. This study examined the...

    Authors: Min Gao, Zhihong Sa, Yanyu Li, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian, Shengfa Zhang and Linni Gu

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:224

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    The relevance of femoral neck fractures (FNFs) increases with the ageing of numerous societies, injury-related decline is observed in many patients. Treatment strategies have evolved towards primary joint repl...

    Authors: Franziska Saxer, Patrick Studer, Marcel Jakob, Norbert Suhm, Rachel Rosenthal, Salome Dell-Kuster, Werner Vach and Nicolas Bless

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:222

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Safe and stable walking is a complex process involving the interaction of neuromuscular, sensory and cognitive functions. As physical and cognitive functions deteriorate with ageing, training of both functions...

    Authors: Sarianna Sipilä, Anna Tirkkonen, Tuomo Hänninen, Pia Laukkanen, Markku Alen, Roger A. Fielding, Miia Kivipelto, Katja Kokko, Jenni Kulmala, Taina Rantanen, Sanna E. Sihvonen, Elina Sillanpää, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely and Timo Törmäkangas

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:215

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Identifying and treating people in a pre-frail state may be an effective way to prevent or delay frailty and preserve their functional capacity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of, and compliance with,...

    Authors: Prasun Chatterjee, Prakash Kumar, Ramesh Kandel, Ruchika Madan, Meenakshi Tyagi, Deepa Anil Kumar, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Gaurav Desai, Preeti Chaudhary, Shyama Gupta, Kanika Grover and Aparajit Ballav Dey

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:212

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Making older adults exercise and keeping them in exercise programs is a major challenge. Understanding how older adults prefer to exercise may help developing tailored exercise programs and increase sustained ...

    Authors: Line Skarsem Reitlo, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Hallgeir Viken, Nils Petter Aspvik, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Xiangchun Tan, Ulrik Wisløff and Dorthe Stensvold

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:208

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite progress in surgery and care, hip fracture (HF) remains a catastrophic event, burdened with high risk of mortality and disability. This study aims at identifying predictors of recovering ambulation aft...

    Authors: Francesca Cecchi, Silvia Pancani, Desiderio Antonioli, Lucia Avila, Manuele Barilli, Massimo Gambini, Lucilla Landucci Pellegrini, Emanuela Romano, Chiara Sarti, Margherita Zingoni, Maria Assunta Gabrielli, Federica Vannetti, Guido Pasquini and Claudio Macchi

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:201

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Myostatin, its inhibitor follistatin, and growth/differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) have been proposed as factors that could potentially modify biological aging. The study aimed to test whether there is a relat...

    Authors: Elizaveta Fife, Joanna Kostka, Łukasz Kroc, Agnieszka Guligowska, Małgorzata Pigłowska, Bartłomiej Sołtysik, Agnieszka Kaufman-Szymczyk, Krystyna Fabianowska-Majewska and Tomasz Kostka

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:200

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Study protocol

    The presence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults increases their fall risk. While physical exercise is effective in reducing falls rate and risk of falls, and cognitive training in improving cog...

    Authors: Donald S. Lipardo and William W. N. Tsang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:193

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Previous cohort studies investigating the association between sarcopenia and the risk of hospitalization have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to determine if sarcopenia is a predictor of hospit...

    Authors: Xiaoming Zhang, Wenwu Zhang, Conghua Wang, Wuyuan Tao, Qingli Dou and Yunzhi Yang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:188

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    It is well known that people with mild cognitive deficits face challenges when performing complex everyday activities, and that the use of technology has become increasingly interwoven with everyday activities...

    Authors: Eva Lindqvist, Annika PerssonVasiliou, Amy S. Hwang, Alex Mihailidis, Arlene Astelle, Andrew Sixsmith and Louise Nygård

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:185

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Increased physical activity and dietary protein intake are promising interventions to prevent or treat the age-related decline in physical performance in older adults. There are well-controlled exercise as wel...

    Authors: Jantine van den Helder, Carliene van Dronkelaar, Michael Tieland, Sumit Mehra, Tessa Dadema, Bart Visser, Ben J. A. Kröse, Raoul H. H. Engelbert and Peter J. M. Weijs

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:183

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that early life stress (ELS) may extend its effect into adulthood and predispose an individual to adverse health outcomes. We investigated whether wartime parental separation, an indicator of...

    Authors: M. J. Haapanen, M. M. Perälä, M. K. Salonen, E. Kajantie, M. Simonen, P. Pohjolainen, A. K. Pesonen, K. Räikkönen, J. G. Eriksson and M. B. von Bonsdorff

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:179

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Falls among older adults with intellectual disability (ID) are recognised as a serious health problem potentially resulting in reduced health-related quality of life and premature placement in residential care...

    Authors: Portia Ho, Caroline Bulsara, Shane Patman, Max Bulsara, Jenny Downs and Anne-Marie Hill

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:171

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research Article

    Impaired physical performance is highly prevalent in older cancer patients and is associated with cancer-related outcomes such as mortality and chemotherapy-related toxicity. Physical performance might already...

    Authors: S. M. L. M. Looijaard, M. S. Slee-Valentijn, L. N. Groeneveldt, D. J. H. Deeg, M. Huisman and A. B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:166

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research Article

    A physically active lifestyle in older people contributes to the preservation of good health. We assessed the influence of physiotherapy on daily functioning among community dwelling older people (75+) with co...

    Authors: Petra C. Siemonsma, Jeanet W. Blom, Hedwig Hofstetter, Ariëtte T. H. van Hespen, Jacobijn Gussekloo, Yvonne M. Drewes and Nico L. U. van Meeteren

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:164

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    China has the largest population of partially or completely disabled elderly people in the world. Although the disabled elderly people try to remain independent in their lives, many still need assistance from ...

    Authors: Shen Chen, Jing Zheng, Chen Chen, Ying Xing, Yan Cui, Yaping Ding and Xiuyun Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:160

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    No previous study has evaluated disability in older persons according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Framework guidelines. We conducted a more comprehensive investiga...

    Authors: Yaping Liang, Xiaojia Xu, Mingjuan Yin, Yulian Li, Yan Zhang, Lingfeng Huang and Jindong Ni

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:158

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    With the growing number of young-older adults (baby-boomers), there is an increasing demand for assessment tools specific for this population, which are able to detect subtle balance and mobility deficits. Var...

    Authors: Michaela Weber, Jeanine Van Ancum, Ronny Bergquist, Kristin Taraldsen, Katharina Gordt, A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Corinna Nerz, Mirjam Pijnappels, Nini H. Jonkman, Andrea B. Maier, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:156

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Disturbances in sleep and circadian rhythms are common among residents of long-term care facilities. In this systematic review, we aim to identify and evaluate the literature documenting the outcomes associate...

    Authors: Elizabeth Capezuti, Rana Sagha Zadeh, Kevin Pain, Aleksa Basara, Nancy Ziyan Jiang and Ana C. Krieger

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:143

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    A first step to offer community-dwelling older persons proactive care is to identify those at risk of functional decline within a year. This study investigates the predictive value of registered information, q...

    Authors: Sophie C. E. van Blijswijk, Jeanet W. Blom, Anton J. M. de Craen, Wendy P. J. den Elzen and Jacobijn Gussekloo

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:140

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    The ability of acute care providers to cope with the influx of frail older patients is increasingly stressed, and changes need to be made to improve care provided to older adults. Our purpose was to conduct a ...

    Authors: Olga Theou, Emma Squires, Kayla Mallery, Jacques S. Lee, Sherri Fay, Judah Goldstein, Joshua J. Armstrong and Kenneth Rockwood

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:139

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independ...

    Authors: Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving and Anne-Marie Boström

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2018 18:138

    Published on: