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Physical functioning, physical health and activity

Section edited by Ian Cameron

This section covers activities of daily living, frailty, fractures, falls, exercise, posture, gait, hip complications, complications with general bodily functions, e.g. gastroenterological, urological.

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  1. Cardiac resynchronization therapy has been shown to benefit selected patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. Older patients have been underrepresented in randomized trials. This study was co...

    Authors: Laure Champ-Rigot, Anne-Laure Cornille, Pierre Ollitrault, Arnaud Pellissier, Mathieu Chequel, Damien Legallois and Paul Milliez

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation o...

    Authors: Paul Abraham, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Cedric Annweiler, Cliff Lenoir, Thomas Millien, Francoise Dalmaz, Hans Flaatten, Rui Moreno, Steffen Christensen, Dylan W. de Lange, Bertrand Guidet, Karim Bendjelid, Bernhard Walder and Bernardo Bollen Pinto

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:322

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Operational definitions of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle function and mass, have been proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and the Foundation for the National Institu...

    Authors: Sigvard Sobestiansky, Karl Michaelsson and Tommy Cederholm

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Research on mortality and comorbidity associated with pelvic fractures in older patients is scarce. We aimed to determine the short- and long-term mortality rates of older patients with a pelvic ring fracture ...

    Authors: Aleksi Reito, Mari Kuoppala, Hanna Pajulammi, Lasse Hokkinen, Kati Kyrölä and Juha Paloneva

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:315

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Identification and prevention of mobility limitations in older adults is important to reduce adverse health outcomes. The Life-Space Assessment (LSA) provides a single measure of mobility including environment...

    Authors: Mette Merete Pedersen, Pia Kjær-Sørensen, Julie Midtgaard, Cynthia J. Brown and Ann Christine Bodilsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:312

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Fall injuries and related healthcare use among older adults are increasing in the United States. This study examined chronic illnesses, sensory and memory problems, and injury characteristics that were associa...

    Authors: Namkee G. Choi, Bryan Y. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, C. Nathan Marti and Mark E. Kunik

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:303

    Content type: Research article

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  7. While the associations between personality traits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studies have examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physi...

    Authors: Iva Čukić, Catharine R. Gale, Sebastien F. M. Chastin, Philippa M. Dall, Manon L. Dontje, Dawn A. Skelton and Ian J. Deary

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:302

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), modifications of proteins or amino acids, are increasingly produced and accumulated with age-related diseases. Recent studies suggested that the ratio of AGEs and their ...

    Authors: Helen Ebert, Maria Elena Lacruz, Alexander Kluttig, Andreas Simm, Karin Halina Greiser, Daniel Tiller, Nadja Kartschmit and Rafael Mikolajczyk

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:299

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Osteoporosis and vertebral fractures represent a major health burden worldwide, and the prevalence of osteoporosis is expected to increase as the world’s population ages. Suffering from vertebral fracture has ...

    Authors: Brita Stanghelle, Hege Bentzen, Lora Giangregorio, Are Hugo Pripp and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:298

    Content type: Research article

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  10. FRAIL-NH has been commonly used to assess frailty in nursing home residents and validated in many ethnic populations; however, it has not been validated in mainland China, where such an assessment tool is lack...

    Authors: Feng Ge, Weiwei Liu, Minhui Liu, Siyuan Tang, Yongjin Lu and Tianxue Hou

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:296

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Fall-related efficacy has been found to be associated with both falls and fall risk factors such as physical performance. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether fall-related efficacy is, independe...

    Authors: Naoto Kamide, Yoshitaka Shiba, Miki Sakamoto, Haruhiko Sato and Akie Kawamura

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:293

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We investigated the association of anti-osteoporosis medication with mortality risk in older adults with hip fractures and evaluated the influence of medication adherence on mortality.

    Authors: Shan-Fu Yu, Jur-Shan Cheng, Ying-Chou Chen, Jia-Feng Chen, Chung-Yuan Hsu, Han-Ming Lai, Chi-Hua Ko, Wen-Chan Chiu, Yu-Jih Su and Tien-Tsai Cheng

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:290

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Setting meaningful, individualized rehabilitation goals is an essential part of the rehabilitation process. Even though patients with dementia are a drastically increasing patient group in geriatric rehabilita...

    Authors: Ilona Dutzi, Michael Schwenk, Marietta Kirchner, Jürgen M. Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:280

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hand grip strength (HGS) is an important function of upper extremities for older adults. Several studies have shown the importance of measuring HGS in different settings. Current established normative values o...

    Authors: Bader Alqahtani, Aqeel Alenazi, Mohammed Alshehri, Mohammed Alqahtani and Ragab Elnaggar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:271

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour have been suggested to independently affect a number of health outcomes. To what extent different combinations of physical activity and sedentary behaviour may influen...

    Authors: Asier Mañas, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Javier Leal-Martín, José Losa-Reyna, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Francisco J. García-García and Ignacio Ara

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:270

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Acute infection leads to substantial mortality in the nonagenarian population. However, the predictive efficacies of functional status and biochemical indexes for in-hospital mortality in these patients remain...

    Authors: Wei Huang, Ying Sun, Yunli Xing and Cuiying Wang

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:269

    Content type: Research article

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  17. While orthogeriatric care to patients with hip fractures is established, the impact of similar intervention in patients with fragility fractures in general is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact ...

    Authors: Charlotte Abrahamsen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Eva Draborg and Morten Frost Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:268

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The falls literature focuses on individuals with previous falls, so little is known about individuals who have not experienced a fall in the past. Predicting falls in those without a prior event is critical fo...

    Authors: Ayse Kuspinar, John P. Hirdes, Katherine Berg, Caitlin McArthur and John N. Morris

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:264

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The three geriatric conditions, depression, dementia and delirium (3D’s), are common among hospitalized older patients and often lead to impairments of activities of daily living. The aim of this study is to e...

    Authors: Ching-Fu Weng, Kun-Pei Lin, Feng-Ping Lu, Jen-Hau Chen, Chiung-Jung Wen, Jui-Hua Peng, Ailun Heather Tseng and Ding-Cheng Chan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:261

    Content type: Research article

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  20. We previously developed Pisando Fuerte (PF), a linguistically and culturally appropriate version of “Stepping On”, an evidence-based fall prevention program building on self-efficacy and adult learning principles...

    Authors: Maria Mora Pinzon, Shannon Myers, Elizabeth A. Jacobs, Sherri Ohly, Militza Bonet-Vázquez, Marcia Villa, Al Castro and Jane Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:258

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Regular physical activity (PA) has many health benefits but declines with age. Community multi-activity groups offering volunteer-led socially-oriented activity programs could provide an opportunity for older ...

    Authors: Gabrielle Lindsay-Smith, Rochelle Eime, Grant O’Sullivan, Jack Harvey and Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Postprandial hypotension (PPH) occurs frequently in the elderly and patients with type 2 diabetes, and lacks a satisfactory treatment. Gastric distension and the α-glucosidase inhibitor, acarbose, may attenuat...

    Authors: Hung Pham, Laurence Trahair, Liza Phillips, Christopher Rayner, Michael Horowitz and Karen Jones

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:241

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of additional exercise in older hospital patients. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the feasibility of an augmented prescribed exercise program (AP...

    Authors: Tobias Braun, Christian Grüneberg, Kirsten Süßmilch, Max Wiessmeier, Isabel Schwenk, Sarah Eggert, Annika Machleit-Ebner, Irene Harras and Christian Thiel

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To investigate whether a simplified and personalized Tai-Chi program could be beneficial for practitioners. A prospective quasi-experimental observer-blinded controlled trial was done in Beitou District of Tai...

    Authors: I-Wen Penn, Wen-Hsu Sung, Chien-Hui Lin, Eric Chuang, Tien-Yow Chuang and Pei-Hsin Lin

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Chronic inflammation is considered to affect physical performance, muscle strength and muscle mass, i.e. measures of sarcopenia. We need to identify a marker of inflammation that is univocally associated with ...

    Authors: Vera A. van Atteveld, Jeanine M. Van Ancum, Esmee M. Reijnierse, Marijke C. Trappenburg, Carel G. M. Meskers and Andrea B. Maier

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  26. People with dementia (PWDs) and their informal caregivers frequently report difficulties in maintaining their usual activities. We had previously developed a set of indicators to estimate whether dyadic, activ...

    Authors: Netta Van’t Leven, Jacomine de Lange, Johanna Groenewoud, Eva van der Ploeg and Anne Margriet Pot

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:230

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Treatment of the older diabetic individual comprises a therapeutic challenge. Currently little scientific evidence exists depicting the best approach to type 2 diabetes treatment in this growing sub-population...

    Authors: Assaf Buch, Roy Eldor, Ofer Kis, Lital Keinan-Boker, Ayelet Dunsky, Amir Rubin, Adar Lopez, Yael Sofer, Etty Osher, Yonit Marcus and Naftali Stern

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:228

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Virtual reality (VR) has several applications in the medical domain and also generates a secure environment to carry out activities. Evaluation of the effectiveness of VR among older populations revealed posit...

    Authors: Shabbir Syed-Abdul, Shwetambara Malwade, Aldilas Achmad Nursetyo, Mishika Sood, Madhu Bhatia, Diana Barsasella, Megan F. Liu, Chia-Chi Chang, Kathiravan Srinivasan, Raja M. and Yu-Chuan Jack Li

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Frailty is common and associated with poorer outcomes in the elderly, but its prognostic value in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) requires clarification. We thus undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Qingyu Dou, Wen Wang, Hui Wang, Yao Ma, Shan Hai, Xiufang Lin, Ying Liu, Xinjun Zhang, Jinhui Wu and Birong Dong

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The management of hip fractures is nowadays mainly performed in Orthogeriatric Units, one of whose fundamental tools is the application of geriatric scores. The purpose of this study is to establish the potent...

    Authors: Carmen da Casa, Carmen Pablos-Hernández, Alfonso González-Ramírez, José Miguel Julián-Enriquez and Juan F. Blanco

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Effective fall prevention exercise for community-dwelling older adults requires (i) challenging balance exercise, (ii) offered at least 3 hrs/ week, and (iii) on an ongoing basis, to reduce falls. Community ex...

    Authors: Kathryn M. Sibley, Alexie J. Touchette, Jonathan C. Singer, Kathleen M. A. Dubberley and Alison R. Oates

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Multimorbidity is associated with greater likelihood of disability, health-related quality of life, and mortality, greater than the risk attributable to individual diseases. The objective of this study is to e...

    Authors: Paige E. Sheridan, Christine A. Mair and Ana R. Quiñones

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:198

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Injurious falls among older adults are both common and costly. The prevalence of falls is known to increase with age and with use of fall-risk drugs/potentially inappropriate medications (FRD/PIM). Little is k...

    Authors: Nicole K. Early, Kathleen A. Fairman, Jacqueline M. Hagarty and David A. Sclar

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:194

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The value of biomarkers for diagnosing bacterial infections in older outpatients is uncertain and limited official guidance exists for clinicians in this area. The aim of this review is to critically appraise ...

    Authors: Oghenekome A. Gbinigie, Igho J. Onakpoya, Georgia C. Richards, Elizabeth A. Spencer, Constantinos Koshiaris, Niklas Bobrovitz and Carl J. Heneghan

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:190

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Selecting appropriate outcome measures for vulnerable, multimorbid, older patients with acute and chronic impairments poses specific challenges, which may have caused inconsistent findings of previous interven...

    Authors: Patrick Heldmann, Christian Werner, Nacera Belala, Jürgen M. Bauer and Klaus Hauer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:189

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Evidence supports the fact that multicomponent exercise and HMB supplementation are, separately, effective in improving older adult’s health and palliate functional metabolic diseases in older people. However,...

    Authors: Javier Courel-Ibáñez and JG Pallarés

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:188

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. The gait speed and handgrip strength represented the core determinants of physical frailty and sarcopenia, which were reported to be associated with cognitive impairment and decline. Different physical measure...

    Authors: Ming-Yueh Chou, Yukiko Nishita, Takeshi Nakagawa, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Hiroshi Shimokata, Rei Otsuka, Liang-Kung Chen and Hidenori Arai

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:186

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Hip fracture causes moderate to severe pain and while fascia iliaca block has been reported to provide analgesic benefit, most previous trials were unblinded, with subsequent high risks of performance, selecti...

    Authors: Mathieu Pasquier, Patrick Taffé, Olivier Hugli, Olivier Borens, Kyle Robert Kirkham and Eric Albrecht

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Identifying those people at increased risk of early functional decline in activities of daily living (ADL) is essential for initiating preventive interventions. The aim of this study is to develop and validate...

    Authors: Nini H. Jonkman, Marco Colpo, Jochen Klenk, Chris Todd, Trynke Hoekstra, Vieri Del Panta, Kilian Rapp, Natasja M. van Schoor, Stefania Bandinelli, Martijn W. Heymans, Dominique Mauger, Luca Cattelani, Michael D. Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jorunn L. Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken…

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The prevalence of visual impairment and of impaired functional reading ability rapidly increase with age. However, functional reading ability is essential for an autonomous lifestyle. We analyzed the prevalenc...

    Authors: Franziska Radicke, Thea Schwaneberg, Claudia Meinke-Franze, Clemens Jürgens, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Frank Tost and Neeltje van den Berg

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:176

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Drug Burden Index (DBI), a measure of exposure to medications with anticholinergic and sedative activity, has been associated with poorer physical function in older adults in the general population. While exte...

    Authors: Juliette O’Connell, Martin C. Henman, Éilish Burke, Clare Donegan, Philip McCallion, Mary McCarron and Máire O’Dwyer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:173

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Short-term and mid-term comparison of the efficacy of a multimodal program that incorporates a therapeutic workout program, medication review, diet adjustment and health education, in comparison to the standar...

    Authors: Manuel González-Sánchez, Antonio Ignacio Cuesta-Vargas, María del Mar Rodríguez González, Elvira Díaz Caro, Germán Ortega Núñez, Alejandro Galán-Mercant and Juan José Bedoya Belmonte

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:171

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Preserved functions of daily life and cognition are cornerstones of independent aging, which is crucial for maintaining a high quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sarcopenia, an...

    Authors: Kristin Franzon, Björn Zethelius, Tommy Cederholm and Lena Kilander

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Vitamin D deficiency is common among older adults and has been linked to muscle weakness. Vitamin D supplementation has been proposed as a strategy to improve muscle function in older adults. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Anouk M. M. Vaes, Mark V. Boekschoten, Lex B. Verdijk, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, Luc J. C. van Loon, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot and Sander Kersten

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:151

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Middle and older years are associated with age related health deficits but how early this begins and progresses is poorly understood. Better understanding is needed to address early decline and support healthi...

    Authors: Susan Gordon, Michael Kidd, Anthony Maeder, Nicky Baker, Tania Marin and Karen Grimmer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Frailty has been generally been associated with adverse events in older patients under surgery. Frailty phenotype is the most widely used instrument in the research literature. However the effect of the frailt...

    Authors: Binru Han, Qiuping Li and Xi Chen

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:141

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A hip or pelvic fracture is a major fall-related injury which often causes a decline in mobility performance and physical activity. Over 40% of patients with hip fracture have cognitive impairment or dementia ...

    Authors: Anja Dautel, Tobias Eckert, Michaela Gross, Klaus Hauer, Martina Schäufele, André Lacroix, Ingrid Hendlmeier, Bastian Abel, Rebekka Pomiersky, Julia Gugenhan, Gisela Büchele, Katrin C. Reber, Clemens Becker and Klaus Pfeiffer

    Citation: BMC Geriatrics 2019 19:125

    Content type: Study protocol

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