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Table 5 Comparison of participants who completed the study (non-dropout) versus those who had died or were institutionalized or left the study (dropout)

From: Change in quality of life and potentially associated factors in patients receiving home-based primary care: a prospective cohort study

Items Non-dropout (N = 113) Dropout (N = 71) p value
Age, years (mean ± SD) 78.8 ± 11.0 82.1 ± 9.3 0.04
Gender, n (%)
 Male 69 (60.5%) 34 (48.6%) 0.11
 Female 45 (39.5%) 36 (51.4%)  
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 19.57 ± 4.02 19.45 ± 4.10 0.86
Household status, n (%)
 Alone 16 (14%) 6 (8.6%) 0.27
 Not alone 98 (86%) 64 (91.4%)  
Marital status, n (%)
 Married 67 (59.8%) 38 (54.3%) 0.13
 Widow/Widower 32 (28.6%) 28 (40%)  
 Divorced 6 (5.4%) 0  
 Single 7 (6.3%) 4 (5.7%)  
Economic status, n (%)
 With financial support 17 (15%) 12 (17.1%) 0.79
 Self-supporting 75 (66.4%) 43 (61.4%)  
 Well-off 21 (18.6%) 15 (21.4%)  
Visual acuity, n (%)
 Not impaired 93 (81.6%) 51 (72.9%) 0.16
 Impaired 21 (18.4%) 19 (27.1%)  
Hearing ability, n (%)
 Not impaired 95 (83.3%) 58 (82.9%) 0.93
 Impaired 19 (16.7%) 12 (17.1%)  
Communication, n (%)
 Not impaired 14 (12.6%) 14 (20.3%) 0.17
 Impaired 97 (87.4%) 55 (79.7%)  
CCI score (mean ± SD) 3.0 ± 2.0 3.1 ± 2.7 0.86
Polypharmacy (≥6 medications), n (%)
 No 52 (45.6%) 39 (55.7%) 0.18
 Yes 62 (54.4%) 31 (44.3%)  
Independence scale of the disabled elderly, n (%)
 Independence 14 (13.3%) 2 (2.9%) 0.06
 Pre-bedridden status 31 (29.5%) 22 (31.4%)  
 Bedridden status 60 (57.1%) 46 (65.7%)  
Barthel Index, score (mean ± SD) 50.1 ± 34.7 46 ± 34.3 0.44
Bedsore, n (%)
 No 98 (86.7%) 64 (91.4%) 0.33
 Yes 15 (13.3%) 6(8.6%)  
Denture use
 No 38 (37.6%) 24 (35.3%) 0.76
 Yes 63 (62.4%) 44 (64.7%)  
Feeding intake form
 Oral form 81 (82.7%) 49 (86%) 0.10
 Oral form plus tube feeding 5 (5.1%) 6 (10.5%)  
 Tube feeding 12 (12.2%) 2 (3.5%)  
Dysphagia Severity Scale, n (%)
 No dysphagia 87 (76.3%) 56 (80%) 0.56
 With dysphagia 27 (23.7%) 14 (20%)  
MNA-SF, scores (mean ± SD) 8.0 ± 2.9 7.1 ± 3.1 0.07
Serum albumin level, g/dL (mean ± SD) 3.5 ± 0.6 3.4 ± 0.6 0.18
Baseline QOL score (self-perceived) 5.5 ± 2.7 6.0 ± 2.2 0.21
Baseline QOL score (family-reported) 5.4 ± 3 6.6 ± 1.4 < 0.01