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Fig. 1 | BMC Geriatrics

Fig. 1

From: Assessing the predictive power of psychological empowerment and health literacy for older patients’ participation in health care: a cross-sectional population-based study

Fig. 1

Associations among psychological empowerment, health literacy, and involvement in healthcare decision-making. Note: b: unstandardized effect size coefficients; SE: standard error. Outcomes of mediation analysis model displaying associations between psychological empowerment, health literacy (mediator variable), and involvement in healthcare decisionmaking. Unstandardized effect size coefficients, standard errors, and significance values are indicated. The total effect is the effect of psychological empowerment on the involvement in healthcare decision-making. The direct effect is the effect of psychological empowerment on the involvement in healthcare decision-making when accounting for health literacy

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