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Table 2 Baseline data on functioning and comparison between groups with and without adverse frailty-related outcomes

From: Factors associated with frailty in primary care: a prospective cohort study

  Adverse event  
Functional tests Yes (n = 50) No (n = 119) p-value
Barthel’s index; n (%)
 90 points 16 (32) 7 (6) <0.001
 95–100 points 34 (68) 112 (94)  
Lawton IADL; median (Q1, Q3) 6 (4, 8) 8 (5, 8) <0.001
Timed Up and Go time, s; median (Q1, Q3) 15 (13, 22) 12.5 (11, 14) <0.001
Gait Speed, m/s.; mean (SD) 0.8 (0.2) 1.1 (0.2) <0.001
  1. Categorical variables were compared with the chi-squared test; means and medians were compared using the Student’s t and Wilcoxon tests, respectively
  2. Adverse event death or loss of independence defined as ≥10 % drop in Barthel’s score compared to baseline, during the follow-up, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living. The abbreviations: s and m/s indicate seconds and meters per second respectively. Q1, Q3 interquartile range from the first to the third quartile, SD standard deviation