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Table 2 Percentages or means for each of the baseline residence, health behavior, and disease stroke risk factors overall and by stroke classification.

From: A 12-year prospective study of stroke risk in older Medicare beneficiaries

Risk Factors All Subjects N = 5511 Non-Stroke Subjects N = 4966 Stroke Sensitivity Cases N = 545 Stroke Specificity Cases N = 374
Residence Characteristics     
Population over 1,000,000 47% 47% 46% 51%
Region of the US     
   Northeast 22% 23% 21% 24%
   North Central 27% 26% 29% 28%
   West 18% 19% 14% 13%
   South (RG) 33% 32% 36% 35%
Type of Residence     
   Multiple Story Home 39% 39% 45% 47%
   Mobile Home 6% 7% 6% 5%
   Single Story Non-mobile (RG) 53% 54% 49% 48%
Health Behaviors     
Body Mass     
   Obese 14% 13% 18% 20%
   Overweight 36% 37% 34% 35%
   Normal (RG) 46% 46% 44% 43%
   Underweight 4% 4% 4% 2%
Smoking History     
   Former Smoker 42% 42% 40% 40%
   Current Smoker 10% 10% 8% 7%
   Never Smoked (RG) 48% 48% 52% 53%
Drinking History     
   3 or more drinks/day 2% 2% 1% 2%
   1 – 2 drinks/day 9% 9% 8% 9%
   Less than 1 drink/day (RG) 89% 89% 91% 89%
Disease History     
Angina 9% 9% 10% 10%
Arthritis 25% 25% 25% 24%
Cancer 13% 13% 11% 13%
Diabetes 12% 12% 19% 21%
Heart Attack 7% 7% 8% 8%
Heart Disease 29% 28% 34% 32%
Hip Fracture 5% 5% 5% 5%
Hypertension 46% 45% 53% 55%
Lung Disease 9% 10% 8% 7%
Psych. Problems 7% 7% 7% 6%
Stroke 10% 9% 16% 14%
4 or more of the above conditions 12% 11% 15% 15%
Hospitalized in past year 23% 22% 26% 24%
Visited a Doctor in the past year     
   0 – 1 time (RG) 23% 23% 20% 20%
   2 – 3 times 28% 28% 26% 28%
   4 – 5 times 20% 20% 21% 18%
   6 or more times 28% 28% 33% 34%