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Table 3 Factors associated with lack of agreement (questionnaire vs medical records) with regard to the occurrence of faecal impaction in the last year

From: Validation of a questionnaire for assessing fecal impaction in the elderly: impact of cognitive impairment, and using a proxy

  Agreement Disagreement Univariate OR Adjusted OR*
  (N = 173) (N = 25)   
Age 86.2 ± 6.6 85.7 ± 7.1 0.99 (0.93-1.05) 0.98 (0.92-1.06)
Female Gender 124 /71.7%) 20 (80%) 1.58 (0.56-4.45) 1.56 (0.53-4.62)
Time at the institution 24.2 ± 24.0 28.3 ± 24.1 1.01 (0.99-1.02) 1.01 (0.99-1.02)
Educative level Secondary or higher 11 (6.4%) 0   
Cognitive impairment (MEC-35 score) 23.0 ± 8.5 22.6 ± 8.1 0.99 (0.95-1.04) 0.97 (0.91-1.03)
Functional impairment (Barthel’s score) 64.0 ± 29.0 69.0 ± 27.0 1.01 (0.99-1.02) 1.01 (0.99-1.03)
Use a proxy 140 (80.9%) 20 (80%) 0.75 (0.28-2.02) 0.51 (0.16-1.64)
  1. *adjusted by all variables in the table.