Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Association of demographic and socioeconomic factors with the presence and the number of chronic conditions; age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) from binary logistic regression

From: Prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of chronic morbidity among elderly people in Kosovo: a population-based survey

Variable Presence of chronic conditions* Multimorbidity
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Sex:   <0.001   
Men 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference) 0.001
Women 1.85 (1.39–2.45)   1.40 (1.15–1.71)  
Age-group:   <0.001 (2)   <0.001 (2)
65–74 1.00 (reference) - 1.00 (reference) -
75–84 2.41 (1.75–3.31) <0.001 1.52 (1.19–1.93) 0.001
≥85 3.22 (2.26–4.60) <0.001 1.94 (1.51–2.49) <0.001
Residence:     
Rural 1.00 (reference) 0.462 1.00 (reference) 0.866
Urban 1.11 (0.84–1.46)   1.02 (0.83–1.24)  
Educational level:   0.002 (2)   0.005 (2)
≥9 years 1.00 (reference) - 1.00 (reference) -
1–8 years 1.77 (1.21–2.59) 0.004 1.37 (0.96–1.94) 0.081
0 years 2.06 (1.35–3.16) 0.001 1.67 (1.16–2.38) 0.005
Self-perceived poverty:     
Not poor 1.00 (reference) <0.001 1.00 (reference) <0.001
Poor 2.24 (1.68–3.00)   1.56 (1.28–1.91)  
Access to medical care:     
Able 1.00 (reference) <0.001 1.00 (reference) <0.001
Unable 4.02 (2.84–5.69)   1.94 (1.58–2.37)  
  1. * OR: presence vs. absence of chronic conditions.
  2. OR: multimorbidity (≥2 chronic conditions) vs. single morbidity (1 chronic condition). Individuals with no chronic conditions (n = 244) were excluded from this analysis.
  3. Overall p-values and degrees of freedom (in parentheses).