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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of intervention group and control group

From: Does improved functional performance help to reduce urinary incontinence in institutionalized older women? a multicenter randomized clinical trial

  Intervention group (n = 85) Control group (n = 70)
Age, years (SD) 84.6 (6.5) 84.7 (5.7)
Education(N)   
High (%) 14 6
Intermediate (%) 19 20
Low (%) 52 44
Cognition, 0-14‡ (SD) 12.7 (2.0) 12.7 (1.4)
Barthel index, 0-20† (SD) 16.1 (3.6) 15.4 (2.8)
Length of Stay, months (SD) 61.6 (65.5) 42.1 (43.6)
Subjective urinary incontinence (# participants) 46 39
Subjective fecal incontinence (# participants) 31 20
Comorbidity, number of chronic illnesses (SD) 1.8 (1.9) 3.0 (2.3)***
Number of incontinence pads in 3 weeks (SD) 63.7 (43.6) 54.4 (31.2)
  1. *** p < .001; ‡ higher score indicates better performance; † higher sco1re indicates worse performance.