- Lecture presentation
- Open Access
Physical activity in older individuals: scientific evidence
© Capranica et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
- Published: 19 May 2010
- Aerobic Capacity
- Regular Physical Activity
- Sport Participation
- Successful Aging
- Training Regimen
Scientific evidence indicates that regular physical activity slows the rate of decline of most physiological age-related parameters associated with health, fitness and quality of life . Senior athletes provide an ideal model for successful aging. Although most of the information derives from individual closed-skill sports, little information is available regarding the motivation to sport participation and dietary and training regimens of senior athletes who might be at risk of incorrect training schedules or nutritional patterns. More recent studies focused on open-skill sports, which require aerobic and anaerobic energy productions, various exercises, cognitive functions, technical capabilities, and inter-individual interactions to cope with the playing environment.
Furthermore, older athletes competing at a local level are less supported by self-determination as compared to age-matched athletes competing at national or international levels . Moreover, senior competitions elicit high physiological responses, which represent a potential danger when no medical approval is obtained before starting the program [1, 2]. Furthermore, older athletes undergoing improper diet regimens show amplified subjective perception of training intensity, attributable to their feelings rather than training parameters per se .
- Spirduso WW, Francis KL, MacRae PG: Physical dimensions of aging. 2005, Human KineticsGoogle Scholar
- Tessitore A, et al: Fitness Profile, Heart Rate and Match Analysis in Older Soccer Players. Ergonomics. 2005, 48: 1365-1377. 10.1080/00140130500101569.PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Tessitore A, et al: Aerobic-Anaerobic Profiles, Heart Rate and Match Analysis in OldBasketball Players. Gerontology. 2006, 52: 214-222. 10.1159/000093653.PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Cortis C, et al: Inter-limb Coordination, Strength, and Jump Performances Following a Senior Basketball Match. Contemporary Sport, Leisure and Ergonomics. Edited by: T. Reilly and G. Atkinson. 2009, Routledge, 353-367.Google Scholar
- Pesce C: Preservation of visual attention in older expert orienteers at rest and under physical effort. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2007, 29, 1: 78-99.Google Scholar
- De Pero R, et al: Motivation for Sport Participation in Italian Older Athletes: The role of Age, Gender, and Competition Level. Sport Sciences for Health, In press:Google Scholar
- Piacentini MF, et al: Effects of the Zone-diet on training parameters in recreational master athletes. Contemporary Sport, Leisure and Ergonomics. Edited by: T. Reilly and G. Atkinson. 2009, Routledge, 227-242.Google Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.