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Volume 10 Supplement 1

de Senectute: Age and Health Forum

Thyroid surgery in an elderly population

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Background

The increase in life expectancy over the past 20-30 years has caused major changes in the average age of patients hospitalized in surgical wards. The thyroid disease is common in the elderly population [1]. Elderly patients, especially with co-morbidity, are at increased operative risk [2]; the pre-operative selection and perioperative monitoring have to be more accurate than in young patients; a lack of compentence in these phases can result in clinical and medico-legal consequences.

The aim of the study was to present a retrospective analysis of 124 elderly patients who had undergone thyroid surgery at the Department of Surgery Hospital of Valdagno.

Patients and method

The study included 124 patients (26 male, 98 female), aged above 60 (average age 67,34 maximum 60 and 80 years old) that undergone thyroid surgery between 2005 and September 2009 (Table 1). 24 patients were ASA 1, 82 ASA 2 and 18 ASA 3 (Table 1).

Table 1 Table 1

Endocrinological examination, evaluation of the mobility of the vocal cords, thyroid hormones dosing and ultrasound evaluation of the thyroid, were performed before the operation.

113 total thyroidectomy and 11 hemityroidectomy were carried out; 106 patients were operated on for benign diseases (toxic and non toxic multinodular goiter, Graves' disease, adenoma) 18 for malignant disease (follicular cancer, papillary carcinoma) (Table 2).

Table 2 Surgical indications

Results

The average hospitalization length was 6.1 days (5-8 days). Complications occurred in 12 patients (9.6%): 1 case of transient bilateral vocal cord paralysis requiring the execution of a tracheostomy with complete resolution after 10 days, 10 cases of transient hypocalcemia treated with calcium and vitamin D3 supplements and 1 case of postoperative bleeding. There was no postoperative mortality.

Conclusions

Population ageing will determine an increase of thyroid surgical procedure in elderly patients.

The analysis of the data provided showed that thyroid surgery in the elderly can be performed with satisfactory results with an incidence of complications similar to those observed in young patients [3].

References

  1. 1.

    Denham MJ, Willis EJ: A Clinico-Pathological Survey of Thyroid Glands in Old Age. Gerontology. 1980, 26: 160-166. 10.1159/000212409.

  2. 2.

    Turrentine FE, Wang H, Simpson VB, Jones RS: Surgical risk factors, morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. J Am Coll Surg. 2006, 203 (6): 865-77. 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2006.08.026.

  3. 3.

    Trottier DC, Barron P, Moonje V, Tadros S: Outpatient thyroid surgery: Should patients be discharged on the day of their procedures?. J Can Chir. 2009, 3: 182-186.

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Author information

Correspondence to F Viano.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Viano, F., Terranova, C., Ricciardi, S. et al. Thyroid surgery in an elderly population. BMC Geriatr 10, A37 (2010) doi:10.1186/1471-2318-10-S1-A37

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Keywords

  • Goiter
  • Vocal Cord
  • Total Thyroidectomy
  • Papillary Carcinoma
  • Thyroid Surgery