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Volume 10 Supplement 1

de Senectute: Age and Health Forum

Laparoscopic splenectomy in an elderly patient with splenic limphoma and splenomegaly

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Background

Limphomas represent a group of complex neoplastic diseases, characterized by hyperplasia and colonization of neoplastic lymphoid cells (T or B).

The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of a splenic limphoma with splenomegaly in an elderly patient.

Materials and methods

Patient of 69 years, lipothymia and anemia, Hb 11,2 gr/dl, leukocytis 7780/dl (neutrophilis 21,4%, lymphocytis 68,9%) PLTs 81000/dl, VES 34 mm / h (n.v. 2 -28).

Abdomen ultrasonography: spleen increased in volume (bipolar diameter 21,8 cm), bright liver. TC abdomen: spleen increased of volume, with inferior pole in Douglas.

Medullar biopsy: NH limphoma B-cell.

Patient was candidate to undergo to laparoscopic splenectomy.

Laparoscopy with open technique. Section of gastric breves vessels, closure of splenic artery. Section of freno-colic and freno-lienal ligaments, section of parietal peritoneum near the spleen.

Section of splenic vessels on the inferior pole and section of the grande omento. Section of splenic vein with vascular EndoGia. Legature with titanium clips and section of splenic artery. Lymph-nodes of splenic ilo are removed en-bloc with the spleen. Liver biopsy. Ombelicus-pubic laparotomy to take the specimen.

Results

There were no intra- and post-operative complications and the patient resumed oral food intake on the 8th day. The definitive histological exam showed: spleen of abnormal size (diameters cm. 30x24x9, weight gr 2063), 12 lymph-nodes. NH B-cell limphoma, mantle cell (liver, splenic, lymphonodal localization). (Figure 1)

figure1

Figure 1

Conclusions

Laparoscopic surgery in elderly patients reduces post-operative pain, length of ileum and cardiopulmonary post-operative deficit [13]. In laparoscopic surgery the post-operative immune response is less reduced compared to open surgery, because of minor surgical stress and because fewer blood transfusions are required, above all in patients with lymphoma who have to undergo to a splenectomy with a higher risk of post-operative infections (Neisseria Meningiditis, Streptococcus Pneumoniae) [24].

In haematological disease, lapaparoscopic surgery is also very useful in order to have a diagnosis, with less post-operative complication than open surgery and, predominantly in very big size spleens, reduce the probability of spleen trauma during operation [3, 4].

References

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    Walsh RM, Brody F, Brown N: Laparoscopic splenectomy for lymphoproliferative disease. Surg Endosc. 2004, 18 (2): 272-5. 10.1007/s00464-003-8916-0. Epub 2003 Dec 29

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    Rosen M, Brody F, Walsh RM, Tarnoff M, Malm J, Ponsky J: Outcome of laparoscopic splenectomy based on hematologic indication. Surg Endosc. 2002, 16 (2): 272-9. 10.1007/s00464-001-8150-6. Epub 2001 Nov 12.

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    Monteferrante E, Giunta A, Bigi L, Colecchia G, Della Valle E, Bonacini S, Pedrazzoli C, Ciarelli F, Colangelo E, Liberatore E, Nardi M, Basti M, Prati R: Splenectomy for hematologic disease. Mini-invasive versus traditional technique. Minerva Chir. 2001, 56 (3): 229-35.

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    Carlini M, Giovannini C, Castaldi F, Cianciulli P, Sorrentino F, Mercadante E: Laparoscopic splenectomy in haematological diseases: short- and medium-term results in thirty initial cases. Chir Ital. 2009, 61 (4): 427-33.

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Author information

Correspondence to G Antonelli.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Antonelli, G., Gianesini, R., Mion, E. et al. Laparoscopic splenectomy in an elderly patient with splenic limphoma and splenomegaly. BMC Geriatr 10, A2 (2010) doi:10.1186/1471-2318-10-S1-A2

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Keywords

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae
  • Splenic Artery
  • Splenic Vein
  • Laparoscopic Splenectomy
  • Parietal Peritoneum