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Volume 10 Supplement 1

de Senectute: Age and Health Forum

Laparoscopic colecistectomy: anestesthetic implications in the elderly patient

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Background

The gallbladder stone is 20-40% of geriatric diseases. In elderly patients with limited cardiac reserve the pneumoperitoneum determines dangerous alterations of the cardiac output and other hemodynamic variables. The frequent co-morbidity in elderly people leads to a severe prognosis in these patients with surgical high mortality and morbidity rates in open surgery (1) otherwise the laparoscopic procedure is followed by lower mortality and morbidity rates (0-0.6% vs 1.4%). (2,3,4). The gradual abdominal insufflation to 12 mmHg followed by a limited 10 degree head-up tilt is associated with cardiovascular stability in elderly ASA III patients (5).

The aim of our study was to analyze hemodynamic modifications during surgical treatment by laparoscopic colecistectomy and the anesthetic implications.

Materials and methods

121 patients aged over 65 years old were analyzed who underwent laparoscopic cholecistectomy . The operation was conducted with a low pressure of CO2 (8-10 mmHg).We observed the hemodynamic trend during the anesthesia: blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, Tidal Volume and end Tidal C02 . Blood gas exchanges were analyzed.

Results

After 15 minutes of pneumoperitoneum the blood pressure was higher (123 ± 18 mmHg) whereas the heart rate was the same.

PcO2 and end Tidal CO2 was higher respectively 15 and 60 minutes after pneumoperitoneum. The end Tidal CO2 gap was low (3.5 mmHg) during the surgery. In the postoperative period the blood exchanges showed the same value as the preoperative period while there was no PAO2 modification during the procedure.

Conclusions

Our study showed the safety and the effectiveness of the laparoscopic cholecistectomy in elderly patients. Complications were not observed in the postoperative period.

References

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    Farsi M, Bini M, Calistri M, Caridi A, Miranda E, Moraldi L, Pallabazzer G, Favi P: Acute biliopancreatic diseases in the elderly patient. G Gerontol. 2004, 52: 96-110.

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    Leardi S, Delmonaco S, Maira E, Pietroletti R, Chiaretti M, De Milito R, Catani M, Simi M: La colecistite acuta nell’ultrasettantenne. Minerva Chir. 2001, 56 (z): 501-6.

  3. 3.

    Nenner RP, Imperato PJ, Alcorn CM: Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a geriatric population group. N Y State J Med. 1992, 92: 518-529.

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    Feldman MG, Russel JC, Lynch JT, Mattie A: Comparison of mortality rates for open and closed cholecystectomy in the elderly: Connecticut statewide survey. J Laparoendosc Surg. 1994, 4: 165-171.

  5. 5.

    Dhoste K, Lacoste L, Karayan J, Lehuede MS, Thomas D, Fusciardi J: Haemodynamic and ventilatory changes during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in elderly ASA III patients. Can J Anaesth. 1996, 43: 783-788. 10.1007/BF03013029.

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Author information

Correspondence to A Paratore.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Paratore, A., Minutolo, O., Buscema, G. et al. Laparoscopic colecistectomy: anestesthetic implications in the elderly patient. BMC Geriatr 10, A112 (2010) doi:10.1186/1471-2318-10-S1-A112

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Keywords

  • Morbidity Rate
  • Hemodynamic Variable
  • Preoperative Period
  • Gallbladder Stone
  • Cardiovascular Stability